Your Questions About Nikon Vs Canon Vs Sony Digital Camera

Sandra asks…

Opinions: Which is the better camera, Nikon D200 or Nikon D80?

Despite having read numerous reviews I still don’t have a definitive answer and I don’t want to invest some $2,000 and then say “Opps” 10 days later so any insight you might have would be appreciated

Pip answers:

You have some great answers and I should leave it at that, but I already have this written from a previous question. Maybe there is something here that the others didn’t cover.

Nikon D80 vs. Nikon D200

Comparison between the Nikon D80 and the Nikon D200:

How do you compare the D80 to the D200? This is a tough call. Here is the recent Popular Photography review of the D80. They make comparisons with the D200 throughout the article. They also have capsule summaries comparing the D80 to the Canon EOS Digital Rebel XTi (400D), the Pentax K10D, and the Sony Alpha 100. In the conclusion, they suggest that Nikon has “gone crazy” releasing this camera for $700 less than the D200, stating that the D80 is nearly the same camera without a few features and without the industrial strength of the D200.


I own a D200 and a D70s, which should feel quite a bit like the D80. The D70s by no means feels “cheap,” but it is lighter and somewhat smaller than the D200. If I had all of the image quality of the D200 available in the D70s, I doubt I would have spent the money for the D200. In other words, if you are looking to move up from a point and shoot, the additional price is probably not worth the difference unless you need the superior construction and all the subtle features of the D200.

Sandy asks…

Nikon D3000 vs Canon EOS1000D vs Sony DSC-HX1?

Am not a professional photographer.

I was very impressed with the picture qualities of “expensive” cameras.

Is the clarity mainly because of the expensive models have good lens?

I tried Nikon D3000 vs Canon EOS1000D. Both gave amazing photos compared to a Compact Digital Camera. Why?

My first priority. Picture Quality. Minimum pixellation even at max zoom. Should I buy
Nikon D3000 vs Canon EOS1000D vs Sony DSC-HX1?

Plz share some light

Pip answers:

First, you are comparing two DSLRs (Nikon D3000, Canon 1000D/XS) to what’s considered a “bridge camera” – Sony DSC-HX1. Not a fair comparison. The Sony HX1, although a fine camera, has a relatively tiny sensor compared to the sensor in the two DSLRs and has a permanently attached lens. A better comparison would be between the D3000, 1000D/XS, a Sony A330 and a Pentax K-x.

Lets look at the features of those four DSLRs.

Penta K-x: Live View, video capability, double/multiple exposure capability, an in camera focusing motor and in camera Image Stabilization.

Sony A330: Live View, an in camera focusing motor and in-camera Image Stabilization.

Canon 1000D/XS: Live View, in camera focusing motor.

Nikon D3000: None of the features of the previous three cameras.

Features Advantage: Pentax K-x

Now lets compare costs (all prices from

Pentax K-x: $513.99 w/18-55mm lens. Available in Bright Blue, Green, Purple, Orange, Navy Blue, Red, White, Basic Black.

Sony A330: $469.99 w/18-55mm lens after an $80.00 Instant Savings from B&H. (ends 6-19-2010).

Canon XS: $499.99 w/18-55mm lens after a $50.00 Instant Savings from B&H. (ends 7-10-2010).

Nikon D3000: $499.95 w/18-55mm lens after a $50.00 Instant Savings from B&H. (ends 6-26-2010).

Obviously, the camera with the most features is the Pentax K-x. For only $14.04 more than the D3000, $14.00 more than the 1000D-XS and $44.00 more than the A330 you get Live View, video capability, double/multiple exposure capability, an in camera focusing motor and in camera Image Stabilization. Only the A330 comes close in features and it lacks video and double/multiple exposure capability.

Advantage: Pentax K-x

With the D3000 you must have Nikon’s AF-I or AF-S lenses if you want auto focus. Since Nikon and Canon chose to have their versions of Image Stabilization in some – but not all – of their lenses you pay for it again and again. With Sony and Pentax any lens used becomes, in effect, an Image Stabilized lens.

The A330 can use every legacy Minolta Maxxum AF lens made since 1985 as well as the current lenses in their catalog. The web site lists over 100 compatible lenses. So a Maxxum AF 70-210mm f4 zoom lens made in 1985 will auto focus on the A330 and be an Image Stabilized lens.

The K-x can use every legacy K-mount lens made since 1975. There are, of course, limitations when using a 35 year old manual focus lens but it can be used. Still, that 35 year old lens on the K-x will be an Image Stabilized lens.

The 1000D/XS uses the EF mount which Canon introduced around 1987 or so with their first EOS Rebel auto focus 35mm film cameras. Unfortunately (in my opinion) Canon has confused the whole lens mount issue with their EF-S lenses. How? By selling a lens line that cannot be used on their full-frame DSLRs like the 5D and 1D. So someone who has the 1000D/XS and 3 or 4 EF-S lenses is forced to buy all new lenses if they upgrade to a 5D or 1D.

Nikon has backwards lens compatibility to the F mount introduced in 1959.

The image quality of a DSLR is a product of its larger sensor and better lenses – and being used by someone knowledgeable about light, composition, exposure (ISO, f-stops, shutter speeds) and Depth of Field (DOF).

I suggest buying the Pentax K-x and enrolling in a photography class.

Donna asks…

What do you think about “SONY ALPHA 100W”?

I’m about the purchase this camera in one month.

Could you please give some more information about this camera, and should I buy it or not.

Pip answers:

The February 2007 issue of Popular Photography has an article where they compared the top 10 MP DSLR’s. The Sony didn’t do so well in the comparison and you might want to read this. I took the scores and ranked the cameras similar to the way Formula 1 gives championship points. I just gave 5 for 1st place down to 1 for last place, splitting the difference when cameras tied in their catagories.

They evaluated Image Quality (giving this twice as much weight as anything else), Ease of Use, Control, and System Flexibility.

The final order and my scores are:

Nikon D80 – 17.5 points
- BEST in Image Quality, Control and System Flexibility
Canon Rebel XTi (400D) – 13.5 points
- Tied for best in System Flexibility
Pentax K10D – 11 points
- Tied for best in Ease of Use
Samsung GX10 – 11 points
- Tied for best in Ease of Use
Sony Alpha 100 – 7 points
- LAST in Image Quality, Ease of Use and System Flexibility.”

Then again, this is the same magazine that put the Sony Alpha 100 dead last in this comparison named it the camera of the year in the previous issue! (In a follow-up to this seeming error, Pop Photo published the explanation that only the D80 and the Sony had been tested by the end-of-year deadline for choosing the Camera of the Year. Sony won on the strength of low price and built-in image stabilization. The other 3 that beat Sony in shoot-out were not tested until after the Camera of the Year was selected, because they were not yet available.)

Go to the original question and read the responses for more opinions.


If you want to get the “best” for the real world, consider the Nikon D200 or Canon 30D if you can afford it. For about $300-500 less, look at the results of the recent PopPhoto test and choose from that list according to your taste.

Personally, I use a Nikon D200 and would recommend it without hesitation to someone who has some knowledge of photography. For someone who wants the “best,” but is starting with somewhat of an “entry level” knowledge base, I’d suggest the Nikon D80.

There are people out there who will state their preference for the Canon cameras and I will not argue with them. The Canon 30D and 400D are excellent cameras as well. You would have to visit a camera store or camera department and pick them up and see what you think.

This article is available online at:

Here’s another reference from outside the photographic press. Consumer reports compared the Nikon D80, Canon Rebel XTi and Sony Alpha. Personally, I’d say that the Nikon came out on top here, also. It beats the Sony in “noise-free ISO” with an acceptable rating at ISO 1600 (kind of optimistic, I think…) compared to the Sony’s ISO 400. It beats the Canon (in my opinion) by having a spot meter that the Canon does not offer.


Here’s another comparison of interest:

[Note the navigation menu near the top of the review]

The next thing to consider is what lens to start with and where you go from there. If you are new to this, I’d say to just get the “kit” lens, which seems to be the 18-135 lens for the D80, and get started. Once you know where you really want to go with your photography, Nikon has an almost unlimited family of lenses to choose from.

David asks…

Digital SLR Cameras Cannon Vs. Nikon?

Okay i know that the cannons have great lenses and that they are really good when it comes to portraits and the Nikons are good when it comes to taking pictures of sporting events and that the nikon is faster then the cannon soo what else can you tell me about the Nikon and the Cannons and is sony any good?

Pip answers:

At the high end the Nikons and the Canons are the same in capability. Both have similar quality, both get you outstanding pictures, both have a huge array of gadgets that will help to solve some of your photography issues. So from a quality point of view, you can flip a coin. At the entry level the Nikons are more functional and more robust. If you’re after a high end camera there’s no contest but if you’re starting with an entry model you might consider Nikon.

There is however a difference. Each tends to design their cameras differently so one brand might feel better in your hand than the other. For me that’s the Nikon, it’s a bit bigger than the Canons and I find the key controls slip comfortably under each finger making the camera a joy to use. However, there are people who say the same about Canon too, it depends on your hands and what kind of work you do. So in the end you have to physically hold each model to determine which you prefer.

The other difference is historical. Nikon tends to be more conservative and slower to innovate but in return when a new model of something does come out it’s incredible both in quality and functionality. Canon innovates faster so in any given moment they seem to have more solutions than Nikon, but by rushing things to market they end up selling things that aren’t really fully debugged and working. Their new stuff works well to be sure, but if you wait a few months or a year, Nikon’s version ends up a hell of a lot better. When Canon catches up again the Canon users have to buy the feature again to finally have a perfected version.

Nikon also tends to stay away from wizbang stuff. Canon often builds in features which seem just wonderful to the novice photographer but in fact they are features that you’ll never use since there are better ways to achieve the same end. Still though, it sells a lot of cameras since people are taken in by features even when the features have no value. Nikon doesn’t build in stuff that you don’t need, they put their resources into making sure that what you do need is functional and effective.

Nikon tends to better protect your investment. Canon has obsoleted it’s FD lenses that were sold in the seventies during the film era. People who spent thousands on those lenses were screwed and had to buy new lenses all over again if they wanted to use the later Canon SLRs. Canon has a history of doing that kind of thing. Nikon protects your investment. Any Nikon lens you bought since 1977 will work on the digital SLRs. Nikon lenses that were bought before 1977 would need a modification usually costing about $30 before they will work on the digital SLRs but they too will work. That impresses me. It means that whatever I invest in Nikon I can use even when new camera bodies come out that I decide to buy.

At the consumer level Canon also tends to go on the cheap and try to build sexy looking bodies. But that means you’ve got something you better not drop for fear it will break and it means you don’t always have the controls you need to work effectively. For instance Nikon has two dials to control its cameras, Canon only has one. That means Canon users have to hold down a button to turn the single dial to make some adjustments where Nikon users simply turn two dials. Nikon doesn’t build sexy cheap bodies, theirs are very robust, able to take quite a bit of abuse and they are replete with controls exactly where your fingers expect them to be.

If you’re just into snapshots either brand will give you outstanding quality, flip a coin and have fun. If you’re into more specialized stuff it’s not the camera that is the issue, it’s the lenses and other accessories that are important, they will help you achieve the goals you set for yourself. The Nikon lenses all fit and work with all their digital SLRs. With Canon some lenses work with some SLRs and some with others. You can’t mix and match.

People who believe a camera should be a solid piece of work and be designed to be easy to operate often prefer Nikon. People who believe a camera has to be small and light and are willing to accept more cumbersome controls will pick Canon. And both will tell you that theirs is the best.

Oh yes, and what do I use? I use a Nikon D200. I started with a D70s (now replaced by the D80) and eventually migrated to the D200. Both bodies placed the critical controls under my fingers and both bodies fit comfortably in my hands. With the D200 I never have to go to a menu to turn something on and my eye never has to leave the viewfinder either. To me those kinds of things are critical because often seconds count when you’re taking a picture.

Finally, I find Nikon technical support better. I used Canon for twenty five years in the film days. Often when I needed help they didn’t respond to my emails. Later when I wanted to go digital I asked them if I could use my $6,000 worth of FD lenses on their digital cameras. They didn’t even bother to answer my question. The answer I later learned from research I did after was no. So I went Nikon since I already knew they would support older products and their customers. I’ve never had to use their support for my two cameras but I did use them for a slide scanner I bought from them and also for advice on some of their accessories. I got a response to my emails within 24 hours and it was always helpful.

In the end though, you have to touch them both to decide what is right for you and what compromises you are willing to make. I’d download the user manual for each camera you are considering and read it. That will tell you a lot about whether it’s intuitively designed to meet your needs. I’d dream for a while – what kinds of lenses and flash do you eventually want to own? Which maker can meet those needs best? I’d also hold each after reading the manuals to see if the controls are comfortable and easy to access and use. Then I’d finally make a decision. My decision after all that was Nikon.

Oh yes, and Sony? Forget them. First of all they’re proprietary, you have to use a Sony flash in their SLR, nothing else will attach to the hot shoe and you have to use the memory stick instead of Compact Flash or Secure Digital cards that are becoming world standards. While Sony did buy Minolta to get into the camera business, they don’t understand how photographers work. You won’t find the many controls that exist on a Nikon and Canon on their bodies. For many things you will have to go to a menu which can cost you a picture. And besides all that, when you outgrow your SLR where is there to go? There’s no higher end professional model though that might change eventually. With Nikon and Canon you have a good migration path as you get more sophisticated. Sony is an electronics company not a camera company. Stick with Nikon or Canon. Both of them have been building cameras longer than Sony has been in business.

I hope this helps a little. Good Luck!!

Paul asks…

Canon VS Nikon VS Sony DSLR Help?

I’m beginning to research on what camera i would like to buy.
I’m sticking out of the high-end level area, it gets too expensive for my uses.


I would like it to have great video, and great quality photos if possible. I like things to be strong, and built very well, and I want this camera to be something I can take with me on trips all over for years to come.

I’ve been considering things such as:
Nikon D3100
Nikon D5100
Nikon D7000
Nikon D90
Canon T3i
Canon 60D
Canon 600D
Sony A55
Sony A77
(future) Sony A57

I’m looking for small or mid sized too

Thanks for the help!!
if it helps any, i am a rock climber, so it would be nice to have something that can shoot well for those scenes

also- i love cars, so i may be doing video at the track

Pip answers:

I am a big fan of all Nikon cameras. I think it is the best brand for cameras ever. Out of all the models you mentioned for me Nikon D5100 16.2MP CMOS Digital SLR Camera with 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 AF-S DX VR Nikkor Zoom Lens is the absolute winner. I can compare the D3100 and the D5100 in detail for your better understanding.

Advantages of the Nikon D5100 over D3100:

1. Significantly better image quality 80.0 vs 67.0
2. Significantly lower noise at high ISO 1 183 ISO vs 919 ISO
3. More dynamic range 13,6 EV vs 11,3 EV
4. Significantly higher resolution screen 920k dots vs 230k dots
5. Has an external mic jack Yes vs No
6. Has in-camera HDR Yes vs No
7. Has a flip-out screen Yes vs No
8. Better color depth 23,5 bits vs 22,5 bits
9. Better maximum light sensitivity 6,400 ISO vs 3,200 ISO
10.Higher true resolution 16.1 MP vs 14.2 MP
11.Shoots faster 4 fps vs 3 fps
12.Better boost ISO 25,600 ISO vs 12,800 ISO
13.Longer battery life 660 shots vs 550 shots
14.Larger sensor APS-C 23.6×15.6mm vs APS-C 23.1×15.4mm

The only plus point of the D3100 is that it has 400 ms startup delay whereas the D5100 has 500 ms. So the D3100 has 20% less delay when turning on otherwise the D5100 is the best choice.

Best price for D5100 from my research:

Read this helpful review about the overall performance of the camera. It will help you make your decision:

Best price for D3100 from my research:

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Your Questions About Sony Digital Camera With Wifi

Nancy asks…

how much should i pay for a PS3 20GB?

my friend bought the 20GB PS3 when it came hes selling it to me..i know they r coming ot wit diff GB of it so….how much is it worth now?

Pip answers:

I think that $350-$400 should be a good price to pay for the 20GB PS3 if it is used. I would recommend getting a 60GB PS3 because you could have WiFi and the Digital Camera Memory Card slots, I guess that the price may be too much for you but if you save a little bit longer then you could get it.

Also, the 40GB PS3 is just a rumor, it hasn’t been confirmed yet by Sony, but I heard someone on Yahoo Answers say that Sony is supposed to announce something around the middle of October.

But right about now is the best time to get a PS3 because some of Sony’s biggest exclusive games are coming.

Mark asks…

Help to choose Best Android Mobile in India?

Samsung galaxy 3 Vs HTC Wildfire Vs LG P500 Vs Motorola Quench xt3…………Plz help me to choose the best one and why over others.

Pip answers:

On comparing I find LG P500 and Motorola Quench out of battle just at first step i.e. Display. Both have 256K screen which runs them out of the race. Galaxy 3 and Wildfire both have 16M color display which make them worthy opponents and choices.

Having a look at them:

>>Both have TFT capacitive touchscreen, 16M colors, 240 x 400 pixels, 3.2 inches.
Accelerometer sensor for UI auto-rotate, Proximity sensor for auto turn-off and Multi-touch input method. While Galaxy has Samsung’s patent TouchWiz, Wildfire runs on SenseUI.

** The difference is Galaxy 3 has normal buttons while Wildfire has Touch sensitive buttons and a track ball.

>>Both have 3.5 mm audio jack

**Galaxy 3 has DNSe (Digital Natural Sound Engine) which adds up a +1 to it

>>Galaxy 3 has 512MB ROM, 256MB RAM, microSD, up to 32GB, 1GB card included
Wildfire 512 MB ROM; 384 MB RAM, microSD, up to 32GB

** RAM size of Wildfire is more but not a drastic difference that cannot be overlooked.

>>Both have GPRS – Class 10 (4+1/3+2 slots), 32 – 48 kbps
EDGE – Class 10, 236.8 kbps, and 3G – HSDPA.

**Galaxy 3 offers 3G at max speed of 3.6 Mbps while Wildfire gives 7.6 Mbps, if you use 3G more, wildfire is your right option

>>Both have wifi, Galaxy has bluetooth v3.0 while Wildfire has v2.1 both with A2DP (doesn’t make much of a difference). Both have micro USB v2.0

** Its a draw.

>> Camera:
Galaxy – 3.15 MP, 2048×1536 pixels, autofocus, Geo-tagging, face and smile detection, QVGA@15fps
Wildfire – 5 MP, 2592 x 1944 pixels, autofocus, LED flash, Smile detection, geo-tagging

** If you need a camera too, go for Wildfire

>>Both runs on android, Galaxy has v2.2 froyo upgrade available while there is no possibility so far for wildfire to get 2.2 now.

>>CPU: Galaxy – 667 MHz processor
Wildfire – 528 MHz processor

** I’ll go for galaxy for high end games

Well choice is yours, still you wanna look for LG P500 and Motorola Quench you can look at but you won’t get satisfaction with 256K screen. Also I’ve seen many cases of poor battery performance from HTC. I myself have used many cell phones from samsung, nokia and htc, some from motorola and only one from lg and sony.

All the specs I listed are from and the suggestions are according to what I felt best for me. I would suggest you to look more in the market and then go for a set and android is the best option.

Daniel asks…

Can I use a magicgate Sandisk 512mb memory stick on my psp?

well a psp that i will get. will the memory stick that i use for my digital camera fit in my psp? also, how much space do games take up because im probably gonna have 5 games or so. how do u take pictures on it? will music and movies take up a lot of space?

Thanks for answering my questions!! :D

Pip answers:

That memory card wont fit in your psp, but you can buy a psp memory card at a game store, the memory goes up to 8 gigabytes but you can only save demo games on it unless you get your psp modded, then you can save full games on it. Demos dont take a lot of space like locoroco only takes 7000kb but demos like mlb 07 the show takes like 150mb and nba 07 takes like 70mb. Sony is coming out with a camera for the psp and if you update your psp then you will be able to attach it. To download demos you go to rss channel on your psp and click on rss guides and if you have a wifi connection it will take you to the psp website and their will be a controller icon on the top right hand corner and click on all demos and then select your demo and download it.

Sandy asks…

How to stream live video?

I have a Sony Handycam (DCR-DVD108) I also have unlimited Data and a wifi hotspot available via my cell service. Is it possible to stream a live video (such as a soccer game) to a specific website?
What equipment would I need for the camera to communicate via a usb/wifi through my android cellphone to upload live? Thanks!
P,S. I prefer not to use the phones uStream capabilities with the phone camera…I need the camcorders wide-angle capabilities.

Pip answers:

To do what you want with only the parts at hand:

The DVD based camcorder does not allow USB streaming.

Connect the camcorder’s AV-out to an analog/digital converter.
See Elgato, Black Magic, Roxio and many others.
Connect the analog/digital recorder’s USB to the computer’s USB.
Connect the computer to a network connected to the internet.
This might mean connecting the computer to the phone for data access – whether wifi or macro cell network.

Camcorders are not designed to not record. Doing this will start the camcorder’s “sleep” timer. Read the camcorder manual to disable the sleep timer or plug the camcorder into AC power.

The step from camcorder to analog through USB will reduce video quality.

Note that for “good quality video” this is not a suggested method at UStream. Use of a firewire based camcorder (generally those using miniDV tape) is *strongly* recommended.

Mary asks…

I want to win a GPS System for my friend. Any Good Sites?

Does anyone know any sites that are not scams and doesn’t make you do a survey?

Pip answers:

Thats the thing most of them are scams
The best one is to enter into a competiton like gadget show
You get to win all of these
All our Top 5 Water pistols
A 42 inch Philips Eco LCD TV
A a 32 inch LCD TV
A a 20 inch LCD TV
A an In Focus DLP projector
A Jamo DMR 45 Dolby Virtual Speaker system
A MacBook laptop
A hi end desktop PC
A pair of Yukon Tracker Night Vision Goggles
A Magellan in car sat nav
A Dirtsurfer
An all-in-one printer/scanner/photocopier
A portable Picturemate photo printer
An Apple iPhone
A Nintendo Wii and Wii Fit and a DS Lite
A Microsoft Xbox 360
A Sony PS3 and a PSP and a selection of games for all the consoles
A Pair of Mordaunt Short speakers and an Arcam Solo stereo
A Hi Def Blu Ray player
A Hi Def Sony SR7 camcorder
A Panasonic 9.1 megapixel DMC TZ5 compact digital camera camera
A Nikon D60 digital SLR camera
An iPod Classic
An Archos 605 Wifi
An Urban Mover electric Mountain Bike
A pair of Bose noise reduction headphones
A pair of SHURE SE530 earphones
An ‘Alert Me’ home security system
A Kyam Igloo tent
A LA-z-Boy gadget Chair
A pair of Nike + trainers
And an appropriate WiFi router
A Leatherman Charge multitool
A G Shock Gulfman watch
A Sound Asleep iPod compatible pillow
And a Roberts Gemini DAB radio.
A eStarling WiFi picture frame
A Corsair 8Gb rugged USB memory stick
A Trilobyte robotic vacuum cleaner
A Scooba robotic mop
A 5.1 surround sound speaker system
A Storm Launcher remote control car boat plane thing
And a Mini Cooper Monte Carlo XB Pro radio control car
A B&W Zeppelin iPod dock
A swan toaster
A year’s free subscription to Sky’s full HD service, plus dish and decoder
And a year’s free broadband at the best speed we can reasonably get where you live
And 50 pounds worth of calls a month free for a whole year on the 3 network and Sony Ericsson K660i mobile phone.
And a cuddly toy with a hidden security camera in it
you can enter for 50p and as many times as yyou like and trust me it isnt a scam

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Your Questions About Sony Digital Camera Reviews

Ruth asks…

Digital camera with full manual mode?

By your experience what is the best, less pricey digital camera with full manual mode?

Pip answers:

There are many good cameras out there with good options and price. This is entirely up to you, your own choices and which camera options are important to you.

Sony, Olympus, Kodak and many others offer different features and prices. There are pros and cons to all. If you’re just starting out, don’t worry about getting a camera that uses a bunch of pixels.

For the best, most up-to-date info and reviews, I always go to before I buy any peripherals and software.

Me? I have a Kodak. My daughter has a Sony. Both are great cameras. The biggest downside to my Kodak is that it uses batteries like nothing you’ve ever seen. I have LOTS of rechargeables!

Good luck. Take your time, stick with well-respected names and don’t get sucked in by cameras that have extras you don’t think you’ll use. Start out with something cheap and reliable. When you are more acquainted with digital photography, you will find that there are options that you will want in your next camera. Go from there.

Have fun!

Laura asks…

What is a good camera for taking videos at concerts?

Okay so I have a Sony Cyber-shot DSC-S780. It takes pretty decent pictures but when I take videos at concerts, the sound is horrible. I was looking at some live footage on YouTube and some people have cameras that have really good quality sound. I don’t want those beastly video cameras, just a digital camera. Any suggestions?

Pip answers:

If you are really on a budget and want the best quality for the money, check out the P&S Panasonic Lumix DMC-FZ28 [with a Leica lense] which has more features than most pro DSLRs that require auxiliary lenses not even equal to the single initial full-range lense that comes with the FZ28. It is reviewed at:

It just came out on November 4, 2008.

It’s an all-in-one 10.1 megapixel digital camera which includes (i) built-in image stabilization; (ii) HD720 quality video [Quicktime] which permits zooming while videoing skateboarding, action sports; (iii) a 18x zoom [27 - 486 mm (35mm equiv.)] “Leica” lense for nature and concert photography; (iv) up to 0.39 inch macro option; (v) up to 6400 ASA; (vi) takes up to 380 pictures per 120 min. Battery charge; (vii) has a “burst speed” of 13 fps; and sells new for $320 at In the U.S.

Here’s an actual handheld picture of the moon:

Good luck!

Daniel asks…

What is a good brand of digital camera?

I have a really cheap digital camera my gramma bought a few years ago for me. I would like to buy a new one for myself. What is a good brand? I’d like one that takes good clear pictures and not grainy ones.
what is digital zoom and optical zoom?

Pip answers:

There is no one particular place to get great buys, but you may see something below that really helps you find the best buy. Click on the first link in the information below for an example.

This may not be an SLR, but Canon seems to make the best cameras for the money. Just saw this camera at Best Buy and think it is a great camera and a best buy. It has an optical viewfinder, image stabilizer, auto focus, and uses NiMH rechargeable batteries. Read as much of the following as you can for other information and help with choosing a camera.
Canon A590IS $149.99 at Best Buy store yesterday.
Http:// …

There are so many cameras out there it is difficult to say which is best, but digital is definitely the way to go. The second source link will be very helpful as it list most of the cameras out there with prices.

What gives a camera its picture quality? The following information should help you know what to look for in a camera.

The short answer is that it is mostly the skill of the photographer that produces high quality pictures. The lens and camera are very important, but the ability to set the scene, adjust the cameras settings, and hold the camera very still or use a tripod with auto or remote shutter actuation when required is what gets the great pictures.

Many of the new cameras come with only an LCD screen which is almost impossible to see in bright sun so you should try to find one that also has an optical view finder.

Check replacement battery prices when buying a new camera. Some Lithium batteries cost almost as much as the camera and may be only good for 200 shots between charges.

Higher mega pixels may not really be the best thing to look for. It is more expensive, takes longer to process, and may not be needed unless you are making a really large picture or blowing up a small part of a picture. Maximum print size for a 3 mega pixel setting is 8 x 10 inches.
Http:// …
Http:// …

Lots of great camera tips in these two links. Http:// …
Http:// …

Check this more for the money camera. FUJIFILM – FinePix 10.0-Megapixel Digital.
Life time Warranty (Parts & Labor).

Wide-angle shooting, a 12x optical zoom and picture stabilization mode combine in this camera for exceptional shooting performance, even at a distance. Plentiful scene modes, autofocus and automatic white balance controls make this camera a snap to operate. You may be able to find it on the Internet for a lower price.
Http:// …
Http:// …

This could be the best slim line camera with a viewfinder. It’s PINK!
Http://;_ylc=X3oDMTB0bjZzaWNuBF9TAzk2NjMyOTA3BHNlYwNmZWVkBHNsawNlbGVj …
Http:// …

The information about my camera is just to show that you don’t need the biggest and best. Just know how to use the one you have.
My camera has 5.2 mega pixel, but I use 3 most of the time because it gives great results, is faster, and takes less memory. Also, it only has a 3 x optical zoom and 7x digital zoom. I never use the digital zoom because making pictures larger works better on the computer. This is an old camera, but everyone is impressed with the quality pictures it takes … Like magic.

Check with the Geeks in several stores and compare prices. Ask what cameras they own, but don’t believe everything you hear. Once you select a camera read all about it in the owner’s manual. Just learned that my camera has red-eye prevention and correction. It also has adaptive lighting. You may be able to view owners manuals at this link, but will need to Login. Http:// …

The source links will show most of the cameras out there with prices and help make your digital cameras work better.

Joseph asks…

what is the best digital camera for a ten year old girl?

My sister loves to take pictures. What is the best digital camera for a ten year old girl that is simple and compact but not too expensive?

Pip answers:

This may not be an SLR, but Canon seems to make the best cameras for the money. Just saw this camera at Best Buy and think it is a great camera and a best buy. It has an optical viewfinder, image stabilizer, auto focus, and uses NiMH rechargeable batteries. Read as much of the following as you can for other information and help with choosing a camera.
Canon A590IS $134.99 at Best Buy or $116.30 at …

There are so many cameras out there it is difficult to say which is best, but digital is definitely the way to go. The second source link will be very helpful as it list most of the cameras out there with prices.

What gives a camera its picture quality? The following information should help you know what to look for in a camera.

The short answer is that it is mostly the skill of the photographer that produces high quality pictures. The lens and camera are very important, but the ability to set the scene, adjust the cameras settings, and hold the camera very still or use a tripod with auto or remote shutter actuation when required is what gets the great pictures.

Many of the new cameras come with only an LCD screen. Would suggest that you find one that also has an optical view finder because the LCD screen is almost impossible to see in bright sun.

Higher mega pixels may not really be the best thing to look for. It is more expensive, takes longer to process, and may not be needed unless you are making a really large picture or blowing up a small part of a picture. Maximum print size for a 3 mega pixel setting is 8 x 10 inches.
Http:// …
Http:// …

Lots of great camera tips in these two links. Http:// …
Http:// …

Check this more for the money camera. FUJIFILM – FinePix 10.0-Megapixel Digital.
Life time Warranty (Parts & Labor).

Wide-angle shooting, a 12x optical zoom and picture stabilization mode combine in this camera for exceptional shooting performance, even at a distance. Plentiful scene modes, autofocus and automatic white balance controls make this camera a snap to operate. You may be able to find it on the Internet for a lower price.
Http:// …
Http:// …

This could be the best slim line camera with a viewfinder. It’s PINK!
Http://;_ylc=X3oDMTB0bjZzaWNuBF9TAzk2NjMyOTA3BHNlYwNmZWVkBHNsawNlbGVj …
Http:// …

The information about my camera is just to show that you don’t need the biggest and best. Just know how to use the one you have.
My camera has 5.2 mega pixel, but I use 3 most of the time because it gives great results, is faster, and takes less memory. Also, it only has a 3 x optical zoom and 7x digital zoom. I never use the digital zoom because making pictures larger works better on the computer. This is an old camera, but everyone is impressed with the quality pictures it takes … Like magic.

Check with the Geeks in several stores and compare prices. Ask what cameras they own, but don’t believe everything you hear. Once you select a camera read all about it in the owner’s manual. Just learned that my camera has red-eye prevention and correction. It also has adaptive lighting. You may be able to view owners manuals at this link, but will need to Login. Http:// …

The source links will show most of the cameras out there with prices and help make your digital cameras work better.

Paul asks…

Is now a good time to buy a digital camera?

I was thinking of buying a digital camera right now. Maybe a Casio or Sony or Canon for about 200 or 250. Are there going to be newer and better cameras out in the following weeks or are most of the ones at stores now new. I want a camera with good pixels and several options like action shots, just overall good pictures. any suggestions for a certain kind? wait or buy one now?

Pip answers:

New compact digital cameras are introduced all the time, so any camera you buy will be outdated within a year (unless you buy a dSLR which are updated every 1.5 to 2 years). So don’t think of it this way when you’re in the market for a new camera. Just buy something that you are happy with and you’ll be find. Most cameras nowadays are pretty good. Make sure to read reviews on and other review sites.

Since I prefer Nikons, I want to plug Nikon’s Coolpix P50 or P5100. Check them out and see how they compare to some of those that you already had in mind. These are great cameras and produce very high quality images, and their prices aren’t that bad.

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Your Questions About Canon Digital Camera Wifi

Mary asks…

What do you think about touchscreen dslr’s ?

I kinda feel like touchscreen is for point and shoot , though idk.

Pip answers:

Personally, I think it’s about as much a gimmick as video on a DSLR. Though, it was only a matter of time before video and stills technology were combined along with touch input and LCD technology in the same way the iPod was combined with a phone and given a touchscreen to make it work without buttons. Ironically, it’ll be hard to tear away most photographers from their buttons and knobs. I guess it retains a measure of validation to what they do in the face of ever-advancing technology which seeks to take them away in the same way their film was taken away. They will drag them kicking and screaming and in the end, they will thank them for it, as they did when digital took over. And it will be only a matter of time before a DSLR is given the same capability of a smartphone, it’s already in the works for compacts. Imagine uploading photos directly to flickr or facebook via bluetooth connection with a smartphone, or direct-to-wifi with your DSLR, it’s already been rumored. The more people don’t think they’ll either need or want something, the more the manufacturers will try to convince them otherwise. This is as much a question about the fear of change as it is thoughts of this one feature. Many photographers will deplore such a feature as gimmick and declare its only use for amateurs (which is offensive because I consider myself an amateur and I have as much as if not more knowledge and experience as many who would do so) or consumers. The single greatest enemy to modern photography is the vernacular pursuits of amateurs and consumers, who have ironically, driven the very technology which simultaneously affords professionals their livelihood, and something to complain about. Bottom line is, you won’t be able to find a camera today that doesn’t have some form, feature, or function that appeals to lesser photographers based on either ease of use or fad. Use the ones you need, ignore the ones you don’t. I shoot with a Canon 60D that I find to be the best camera I’ve owned to date, it does everything I need it to do without me having to put forth much thought into it, which is how I now prefer it after years of poking and prodding the camera in order for it to do what I want it to. I welcome technology that allows me to simply see what I want to photograph in the viewfinder. But I will admit, I have yet to record a single video clip.

Daniel asks…

What’s the best compact digital camera to buy? for around £250?

These are a few I’ve been looking at





Pip answers:

I’ve yet to see a Samsung camera get a good independent review for image quality.

Both the Canon Ixus 510 and the Panasonic TZ30 have similar sized sensors, so image quality will be similar from that point of view, but I’d prefer the Leica lens on the Panasonic any day of the week.

That leaves the Panasonic GF3. That has a four-thirds sensor. Look at the sensor diagram size here:

The four-thirds sensor is at least 4 times the size of the standard compact 1/2.3″ sensors that the other cameras will have. That means the image quality will be much better, especially in low light and much higher ISO will be usable. You also get access to the four-thirds system, meaning you can buy other lenses and accessories later on. That makes the Panasonic GF3 the best of the bunch by a long chalk.

Michael asks…

Yahoo friends!! Which Canon Camera should I get?

I’ve done some research and there are pros and cons to both cameras.

Powershot 320. Has touch screen, but reviews have shown it is not effective. It has bult in wifi which makes uploading photos a breeze. It’s newer than the model below and has a bigger LCD screen. And its more expensive.

This is the Powershot 310, the older model. No touchscreen or wifi, better general reviews, cheaper.

what do yall think??

makes me feel so sad when i dont get any answers :( has everyone just ditched us here?

Pip answers:

On cameras nobody answers question about point and shoot cameras and bridge, lol
go with the 320 if u have more money, but 320 has 16MP and 310 has 12MP, now they both have the same sensor size so the pixel size should be a lot smaller in 320 and if the pixel size is smaller the quality of the photo degrades a lot, so more MP does not mean a great photo

George asks…

Connecting a Digital SLR to my Laptop?

I’d like to hook up my digital canon to my laptop so that when i take a picture on it, i could open in on the laptop. if this is possible, please give an accurate description of what hookups i’ll need… ONLY RELATED ANSWERS please… thanks
NOTE… forgot to mention that i have a Canon XTi.. oops

Pip answers:

With Nikon you can use the USB por, firewire and even WiFi to connect and special software to do it. With Nikon it is camera control pro

Laura asks…

What digital camera should I buy under these conditions?

Hi, I’m a college student who is going to study abroad for a semester in Japan and I want to buy a digital camera to photograph my trip. I’ve been looking at reviews on cnet and websites like bestbuy and I can’t figure out which camera would be good for me. I want very crisp and clear photos, preferrably that would still be good quality in low-lighting. I also would like the focus to be good and it to be able to take pictures even if the object is not perfectly still (in case I’m taking pictures from the train or something). I’ve owned a canon powershot a few years ago and I was not satisfied with its image quality at all. I’ve been interested in the Samsung DualView TL210, and I like the idea of having a screen on the front, but I can’t seem to find that camera available in any stores. Also I don’t want to pay more than $200. Things I don’t care about are video quality, wifi, smart-camera apps, touchscreens, or any special editing options because I have photoshop.

If you could give me advice I would really appreciate it!
i have a DSLR. i would like the best-quality i can get for the money i want to spend. a DSLR is not compact enough for my trip so that’s why i don’t want to take mine.
I know it’s not going to be top-notch -____-; “the best-quality i can get for the money i want to spend” any suggestions?

Pip answers:

You should really increase your budget and get a DSLR, cause $200 isnt going to get you ” very crisp and clear photos, preferrably that would still be good quality in low-lighting. I also would like the focus to be good and it to be able to take pictures even if the object is not perfectly still”

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Your Questions About Nikon Digital Cameras Reviews

Charles asks…

What should I look for in a new digital camera?

It’s been about 6 years, maybe more, since I last bought a new digital camera. I am definetely due for an upgrade. I have no idea how the technology has evolved over the years. What should I look for in the cameras of today?

Pip answers:

DONT look at Pixel numbers.. This is a real common mistake with people buying cameras and often lend themselves to lower quality images and low light issues.
You should however look at pixel density as the lower this is the better your image will be in terms of low light and noise quality. BUT this does make some difference in the Size of the CCD and how many pixels there are.

Most new digital cameras have changed a lot in the past 3-4 years, so in general you will notice a big difference in the picture quality.
You may want to go down the route of buying a used Professional camera or buying a Nikon D50 which is a SLR which has Auto and some manual control, though the manual control is a little bit difficult to work out over the Semi pro D70.

New cameras will have VR IS which helps keeping the image blur free.
Lens on most camera are the most important factor, longer zooms in cheaper cameras often means poor quality lenses which can cause distortions to the images at certain lengths and also mixed lengths.

Generally speaking Digital cameras today offer convenient photography for those who don’t want to think much about photography and setting up the camera for perfect shots as the processors in the cameras and the modes offer a library of choice to help.
If you are into your photography and use a camera a lot then a DSLR could be a way forward, you will not be limited to lens restrictions as you can always buy another lens, better flashes, filters etc.

With point and shoot compact cameras, what you buy you will always have and there is little you can change or add to it for improvement. But it is preset, easy to use and pocket sized.

If you visit you can find many reviews, images and user reviews of the cameras that are available and it should help in selecting your camera.

Sharon asks…

How much $ is a good, reliable, digital camera?

I’m 13 and I want a digital camera to take pics of my friends, send pics and stuff like that.

I don’t need anything fancy. Just something that I can plug into a Mac computer and send to friends on email.

Also, if possible something stylish and definiley reliable. I want it to last at least 4 years.

Add links if possible please!

Pip answers:

Even though I personally own this ultra compact camera, I would still like to highly recommend the purchase of a Nikon Coolpix L10 for the following reasons:

1. Besides taking well-exposed hi-quality 5 megapixel pictures, it uses a standard set of rechargeable double AA batteries which last a very long time;
2. Has a 3x optical zoom;
3. The flash setting for “red-eye” correction is on the navigator wheel and not within a submenu;
4. It’s very small and light;
5. Uses inexpensive SD memory cards;
6. The digital video feature takes wonderful “sound” videos which are noise free. It records the piano very well with it’s built-in microphone;
7. It comes with a USB 2.0 transfer cable which you connect to your USB computer port;
8. Has tripod mount on bottom of camera;
9. And the price is a mere $119 [sold at Samy's Camera -, and; $100 at]

Review(s) can be found at [Query: "Nikon Coolpix L10" along with pictures provided by satisfied purchasers.]

Good luck!

Thomas asks…

I am looking for a decent digital camera for macro photography. Any suggestions?

I’m looking to get a digital camera, specifically for macro photography. I’d only like to spend around $500 (or less). A friend has the Canon Digital Rebel XT and it seems nice. It appears the Nikon D70 is a comparible camera.

I’m not looking to go crazy with photography, but have been meaning to pick it up as a hobby for awhile. I have a decent sized cacti collection and would enjoy getting some good pictures of them. I’m just looking for a good quality camera that will last a while.

Any suggestions on a camera that would suit my purpose?

Pip answers:

First of all you should decide whether or not you want to get into a camera with interchangeable lenses (a Single Lens Reflex called a SLR or dSLR). There are few models that DO NOT have interchangeable lenses that would fit your price range and would be excellent for Macro photography and you could also consider some non-slr models that have built in macro capability.

Some advantages of an SLR are the ability to change lenses (usuallly), direct view of the subject in the viewfinder, very precise light measurement of the subject and greater flexibility.

SLR’s with interchangeable lenses allow you to purchase a wide range of specialty lenses and accessories that can increase magnification. They usually have a significantly faster shutter response time which could be important if your cactii are camera shy and zip out of range whenever they see the camera coming : ^). Seriously, that can be important if you plan to shoot insects or wildlife that is skittish or sports/action.

Disadvantages of SLRs are that they are usually larger and heavier and more complicated to use and many more $$$.

In your price range I think I would look at a good non-interchangeable lens camera unless you think you will want to do many other kinds of photography.

Check out Steve’s Digicams for good, objective reviews of a large selection of camera models. I would take a close look at the Fuji (Fujifilm) FinePix S700 to see if this would meet your needs (See link, and be sure to check out the section Steve’s Conclusions).


This is non- interchangeable lens model with a good zoom range a “Flower” setting for Macro Photography in the moderate magnification range appropriate for cacti and easy to use features. At $250 or less that gives you enough money in your budget to buy some extra rechargeable batteries and memory cards and a decent quality lightweight tripod which would be advisable to get good quality shots (higher magnification increases problems with camera movement which a tripod helps to offset). Also note that the Fuji has a Picture Stabilization mode to help offset this problem.

The other advantage to this approach is that you can find out what level of interest you really have in photography and, if you get the “bug”, you don’t have a great deal of money invested in a camera that isn’t quite right or expensive lenses that don’t meet your needs. Instead you get to shop in the future as a better informed consumer.

Hope this helps. Good luck. Email me if you have more questions.

P.S. Steve’s Main Menu has MANY LINKS to other resources.

Lisa asks…

Nikon Coolpix S210 a good choice for my first digital camera?

I really like the Nikon‘s, especially the s210 coolpix. did some research on it and it seems fairly decent for its price.
8.1 mp
3x optimal zoom
2.5 in screen
15 modes.
im kind of new to digital cameras and i was wondering if this would be a good choice. im just a student looking to take some clear and crisp picture from time to time.
what are some pro and cons of this particular camera?
if this is not good, any good recommendations?

Pip answers:

Here’s one review on it:

Sandra asks…

What is a good Mega Pixel for a Digital Camera?

I was wondering what is a good Mega Pixel for a digital camera. Also I would like to know a good resolution, zoom, optical zoom, and what not. I am trying to find a good camera but I would like to understand more of the quality of it. Also if anyone knows any good brands that would be great.

Pip answers:

Depends on sensor size, something like 1/1,8″ or 1/2,3″ is very small and definitely is hurt by to many megapixels. Think under 10 if possible hard to find that.

The biggest sensors like fourth third/APS-C/Full frame are much bigger so can handle having more megapixels without noisy performance issues.

So it really depends on what type of camera you buy, a system camera or a DSLR has a interchangable lens and usually a nice big sensor. They are not cheap but the image quality is quite allot better then compacts.

Zoom, well.. Eeh depends on the use. They sell these superzooms these days with 30x zoom. That is nice to have but there is a sacrifice made image quality. Any zoom lens makes sacrifices it is just a fact of life. A zoom both has to perform at the wide and tele end. So either you have very expensive heavy glass but great image quality or you use cheaper glass and end up with not that strong image quality. Think not as sharp or not as nice contrast. Super zooms indeed offer allot of zoom but usually at a sacrifice in quality. Not to mention hand holding a lens that offers a 720mm effective zoom.. Yeah. Even the best image stabilisation will have troubles.

Another thing to note is ergonomy, can you handle the buttons, the menu the functions. It would be sad to own a camera that is pretty darn good but because you don’t understand/can’t handle the menu you don’t use right.

So to buy a camera go to a shop, yes go to a shop and HOLD the camera, feel its weight its button placement see its menu’s and take that in account.

Also you have forgotten one huge issue ;)

BUDGET, really we could say you should buy a Nikon D700, a full frame DSLR [drool] but.. If you only have $300 to invest well we better not even begin about it.

So set yourself a budget, go to a store hold the camera. Understand that how more zoom how more sacrifices are made. Some of those super zoom cameras definitely push the technology a bit to far for their own good. And enjoy photography. Make many pictures .. Enjoy it.

Oh and brand wise, Canon, Nikon are nice, Fuji is good to Panasonic is nice to.
Brands not to even though, Kodak, Vivitar and GE, think chinese rebranded knock offs.. Some might be good for the money but seriously just don’t

In the end every brand has good and bad models so read reviews and handle the camera in the shop.

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Your Questions About Manipulating Digital Images

Mandy asks…

Which do you prefer more; digital art or traditional art?

Answer the question in the link below:

Thanks :)

Pip answers:

An artist uses every tool at their disposal to produce the most beautiful and emotional moving images. I mix both in different combinations and amounts depending on the specific needs of the particular project. Computer generated art effects and traditional drawing and painting each have different strengths and weaknesses. For example I often scan my base illustrations and then manipulate them digitally to add colors and effects.
I still love the tactile sensations connected with traditional methods. I love the feel of slippery oils over a rough canvas, the feel of pencil over heavy toothed paper. However the computer is so fast and easy. The smell of acrylics and oils bring pleasant memories.
The problem with computer art is that without much talent novices can get results that look pretty neat, so they forgo really learning layout, drawing or design fundamentals.
When Powerpoint first came out I was on the bandwagon, but Powerpoint presentations have been so badly done that when a Powerpoint starts audiences turn off. I now use PP to help make overheads that I use on an old fashioned projector. PP limitations drive the presentation, making the presenter and the presentation secondary to the computer program producing the effects. Likewise digital art programs limit as much as they expand.
I find that when I use tradition methods I use the additional time it takes to come up with some better ideas and more interesting details.
Use both digital and traditional methods as appropriate to get the greatest results.

Betty asks…

Digital mammography may be ideal for density assessment because?

Pip answers:

Those women with dense breasts, who are pre- or perimenopausal (women who had a last menstrual period within 12 months of their mammograms), or who are younger than age 50 may benefit from having a digital rather than a film mammogram. The results were reported September 16, 2005 in a special online publication of the New England Journal of Medicine* and at a meeting of the American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) in Pentagon City, Va.

Digital mammography takes an electronic image of the breast and stores it directly in a computer, allowing the recorded data to be enhanced, magnified, or manipulated for further evaluation. The electronic image also can be printed on film. Film mammography units use film to both capture and display the image. The sensitivity of film mammography is somewhat limited in women with dense breasts, a population at higher risk for breast cancer.

However if there is a family history the major University Hospital are using MRI tec to detect cancer at its smallest

Paul asks…

What is Aperture in Digital photography?

if I set my aperture to highest, is the picture look more beautiful or what?

Pip answers:

Behind the glass lens of all cameras, there is a hole through which the light passes, similar to a human eye- this hole is adjustable and can be opened wider or tightened smaller. The size of this hole is the aperture.

The reason for the aperture (sometimes called an f-stop) is to control the amount of light that enters the camera through the hole and hits the film (in traditional film photography) or the senor (in digital) that converts the image to digital code.
The higher the f-stop #, the smaller the hole. F/8 is a smaller hole than f/2.

If the hole is smaller, less light enters the camera. If the hole is larger more light. If there isn’t much light around you, then you might want more light to enter the camera so you can get a picture.
If it’s too bright around you, then you might want to lessen the amount of light entering the camera, hence the hole might be smaller, so your image doesn’t get blown out.
When your camera is set to auto, the camera does this for you automatically when focusing.

Photographers use this combined with the shutter speed- that is, how long the hole is open and the light enters- in order to control precisely how much light comes into the camera to make the image.
The shutter speed combined with the aperture also effect the depth of field, or how much of the image will be in focus, whether only the things in the forefront are in focus with everything behind it blurred, or if things behind the subject in the far distance are still in focus.

Aperture can be used for various artistic effects, if you understand how it works, so it could have the potential to make your photos better, but this is subjective and depends on what kind of photography you are undertaking.
If you want your photos to be as clear and true to real-life as possible, in a documentary sort of way, you may want to use precisely the correct aperture. If you are interested in manipulating your images in artistic ways, you may want to purposely experiment with your aperture for effect.
Used along with shutter speed to manipulate depth of field, it is sometimes used to create an image where only a close-up of the subject is in focus while the entire background around that subject is blurred, for the purpose of drawing exclusive attention to the main subject of the image, without any of the background distracting the viewer.

William asks…

Why Digital Images are not anonymous?

Did you know that all digital images either from a camera , printer or scanner contain MetaData in the form of Pixel formations that along a set vector give a code that provides enough data to prove all pictures coming from the same source, and in extreme circumstances can be used to trace a picture back to the origin of camera purchase and to the person that purchased the camera printer or scanner.
So should you be careful of putting pictures on the internet? Big brother is watching. I only found this out the other day and it seems it is not widely known that all digital printing and imagery can be traced back to the core source of the information. It is a digital fingerprint .
It is not to prove ownership but to help law enforcement track down and prosecute individuals who break the law. It was primarily pushed by the CIA and Feds to track down via photographic evidence to a common suspect.

Pip answers:

It’s to prove ownership of the photo, and show whether or not it’s been manipulated with editing software.

I think it’s pretty common knowledge, it’s certainly not a secret.

Sandra asks…

Digital art?

Does anyone have any advice on how to get started with digital art?
I have seen some really cool images on art websits where people really get creative and wild manipulating photo images.
and i have seen magazines like advaced photoshop.
but don’t know where to start.
any advice would be helpful.

Pip answers:

Well first, you need to get a program or find an online-only one. Popular photo-editing software includes: Photoshop and the GIMP (free), among other programs. You can find online programs that are easy to use (much more so than Photoshop or the GIMP) like:

Photoshop Express:


Pic resize: (does color enhancements, paint brush, etc, not only resizing pics):

FotoFlexer (winner of seomoz’s web 2.0 awards:

Try them out! If you like manipulating, try a more advanced program like Photoshop or Fireworks.

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Your Questions About Digital Photography Tips

Ken asks…

Where can I get photography tips online?

I just got a new digital camera and a friend of mine who is a really good photographer is going to help me out and show me some things but in the meantime I’d like to brush up and come prepared.

Are there any sites that have pictures so you know what the difference is between f-stops, etc? Like a photograph of f8 and f16 or something?


Pip answers:

You’ll find it all here for free: – around 750 pages of free tutorials covering all the core imaging areas + video content

Jenny asks…

Photography tips for a dark lit environment with moving figures?

I own a Canon 60D DSLR camera and I need to take photos for an upcoming school dance. I would like these photos to cone out as best as possible, but because of the situation, I need tips on how to set up the settings in my camera for the best results.
The dance is very active, and there many moving figures around multicolored/flashing lights in a dark environment.
What settings would help me get the pictures clear, crisp, and not blurry? How would I get the photos to come out with

Pip answers:

First, forget about using your camera’s built-in flash except for pictures of individuals or small groups and if you do use it in those situations you’ll need to diffuse the flash.

Second, if you can afford either the Canon EF 28mm f1.8 or EF 35mm f2.0 then buy the one you like best after trying them at your local camera store. If you can’t afford to buy a new lens then ask if you can rent one. Trying to use the slow, variable aperture zoom lens that came with your camera is going to require a very high ISO so a faster prime lens like the 28mm or 35mm will allow a lower ISO which means reduced digital noise and better image quality. You’ll still need a high ISO such as 1600 even with an f1.8 or f2.0 prime lens to achieve a shutter speed fast enough to prevent blur caused by subject motion or camera movement. Since the lenses I’m suggesting are prime lenses with no zoom you’ll have to “zoom” with your feet – take a few steps closer to get less in the scene, take a few steps back to get more in the scene. That’s how we “zoomed” before zoom lenses were invented.

Third, use your camera’s Spot metering setting so the camera’s meter isn’t trying to calculate exposure for the entire scene. Here are a couple of articles on using spot metering:

The idea is to meter only your subject(s) and let the background go dark.

As I said earlier, if you decide to use your camera’s built-in flash in some situations it will need to be diffused. You can use a piece of tissue or thin white cloth or the “Puffer” from Gary Fong.
Http:// Using the flash without some sort of diffusion results in harsh lighting which is not very flattering.

From this review it appears that your camera does fairly well at high ISO values but I still recommend one of the 2 fast prime lenses previously referenced.


Good luck and hope you share some of your results.

James asks…

The best websites that make me more profiessional photographer?

i am looking for webs which can teach ,what is the photography as well it should explain me all words of digital photography that is white balance,iso,flash ,zoom,mp,
plz just refer webs which u have already gone through and gets max satisfaction.

Pip answers:

Here are some sites that may help you:

Composition Tips:

here is the link to my question on photography composition:
(maybe it will help you also);_ylt=AutN0f6WYT7W4hRa4xFwDDbsy6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20071129104345AAWBJ41

This may help you too:;_ylt=AgT.xQ2.gCxqqt9R245mJ33ty6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20071119211036AA6FNR2

Here is how to decide on how many megapixels you need or want:

I can tell you from experience, if you want to print only small photographs, you don’t need a 10 or 11 megapixel camera, but if you want to print big photos that you can print on posters/flyers and anything else that’s huge, you will need to go with something high in megapixels, possibly 10 or 12.
The Nikon D40x has 10.2 megapixels, that’s good enough to print a large poster. But if you only want to print something kind of small, you can just get the Nikon D40, that has 6.1 megapixels, and the quality of the pictures are just as good, the print size is just bigger. That’s all.

This is a site from Ken Rockwell, his photography is inspiring, and can help you form your own eye for photography.


I hope this helped as much as you needed,


Sandra asks…

Tips for a photographer just starting out?

I am 15 years old and I am very interested in a career in photography. Any tips at all for a beginner (how to start out, things to remember when actually taking pictures, etc.)? please anything helps!

Pip answers:

Hello Whit. The best way to learn the art and craft of photography is by taking classes. However, its also possible to learn independently. Here are the things you need to learn about: Light, Exposure, Composition, Depth of Field (DOF) and Seeing Photographically. These sites will help:


Photography is all about light. In fact, its loosely defined as drawing or painting with light. Light has many qualities. It can be hard and direct, it can be soft and diffused, it can be from the front, side or back of your subject. It has different qualities at different times of the year. The light at 3pm in August is different than the light at 3pm in October. The light at 8am in March is different than the light at 8am in June. Every chance you get – with or without your camera – study the light.


Learning about the Exposure Triangle – Aperture/Shutter Speed/ISO – and how they are used together to make a correct exposure is something everyone interested in photography must know. Its especially necessary if you’re shooting in Manual (based on the camera’s light meter you manually set aperture and shutter speed) but equally important when shooting in Aperture Priority (you select an aperture, the camera selects the shutter speed) or Shutter Priority (you select a shutter speed, the camera selects the aperture).


Composition is the pleasing arrangement of a subject or subjects within the frame. By learning this early on you’ll know to not center your subject. However, the “Rules” don’t always apply but you need to know them before you can begin bending or breaking them to suit your personal vision.


Depth of field is that area in focus in front of and behind your subject. Its affected by only three things: 1) The focal length of your lens; 2) The aperture used; 3) The subject distance. It can be very deep as in a landscape where everything you see appears to be in focus or very shallow as in a portrait or picture of a flower when you want to separate your subject from the background.


You may not know this but those of us interested in photography see things differently than those with no interest in photography. While most people simply look at a scene, we see the details hidden within the scene. They see a bright yellow flower. We see that its backlit and see the detail of the leaf structure. They see a dead tree. We see the detail and texture of the sidelit decaying wood. Its a difficult thing to explain.

Whit, good photography requires thinking. Begin training yourself to think about Light, Exposure, Composition and DOF before you release the shutter. You also need to learn to pay as much attention to everything else in the frame as you do to your subject so you see any possible distractions – litter, a stray garbage can, powerlines, a tree or pole appearing to be “growing” out of your subjects head, an overexposed area that will draw attention in the foreground or background. By seeing distractions you’ll know to change your composition to eliminate or minimize them.

Good luck and persevere. This photography thing requires study and practice. Learning is not done by simply pointing your camera here, there and everywhere and clicking the shutter release. Your goal is quality, not quantity. As often as not if I go out and make 36 exposures and 25 to 30 of them are worth keeping then I’ve had a good day.

Michael asks…

How to become a good photographer!?

I absolutely love taking pictures! I dont care what it is of. Im wanting to become a photographer when i grow up but i dont know what i need to do now to get there. I have a Fujiflim digital camera (it was expensive) Im planning on getting a tripod soon to take more steady photos too. Im taking a computer class that involves editing pictures and designing on the computer too. Im planning on taking a photography class when im a junior ( im a freshman almostt sophmore ha) I might be taking a photography class this summer too. Is there anything i can do to improve on becoming a photographer? Im planning on taking more art classes to and experience drawing and paint to not just photography. Any tips on helping me become a better photographer/ any tips on taking better photos and anything else i need to know it would be very help ful!! thanks i know i cant get a job now but in the future thanks!

Pip answers:

Photography is a trade, really….like welding, or pluming. In the old days, people who aspired to be photographers would apprentice with skilled and experienced photographers until they gained enough experience to forge their own path, and by then they knew exactly what they needed. The kids these days believe they don’t need any of that. You maybe read a book, take a class in high school or some community college class and buy a camera and you think it’s some trick that you can master over a weekend when the simpler explanation is it’s a lot more complicated than that. Like any skill, photography requires time and practice to master. Class is good, start there. But if you want to become a good photographer, take your time and learn the trade. Maybe find a photographer and ask him or her to allow you to apprentice with them. Believe me, you’ll probably flatter them to death they’d likely not know whether you’re serious. Make the impression that you are. Maybe when you’re 40 you’ll be a good photographer.

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Your Questions About Digital Cameras With Wifi

Sandy asks…

What camera should i start with?

Okay, so i’m going to start up photography and i was just wondering what type of camera to get. Like maybe just a regular digital camera or what?

Pip answers:

I would suggestion starting with a Nikon D3200 (usually around $600 as a kit w/lens). Its a great powerful dslr beginners camera. If you buy it as a kit it comes with a 18-55mm VR lens, which I personally used when starting out. After you get hang of all the features of the camera you can then buy new lens to expertment with.

Below are a few specs..
•ISO: 100-6400 (HI 1: 12800)
•11 AF Points
•BATTERY: EN-EL14 (540 Shots)
•USB 2.0
•1080P 30fps (H.264)
•WEIGHT: 505 g (1.11 lb / 17.81 oz)

Best of Luck,
Lorie-Lyn Photography

William asks…

How do I maximise the number of photographs I can take?

I will be travelling for a month in India with a Canon PowerShot A75 digital camera & two 32mb Flash Cards. Apart from buying larger capacity cards, how else can I store photographs at a reasonable cost? I have a 1GB pen drive – is it at all possible to download directly from the camera to the pen drive? I know that I will be taking heaps of photos and would appreciate any advice. Thanx in advance for any answers :)

Pip answers:

I’m not sure if it’s possible to directly transfer images from your camera to the pen drive… It depends on the functional capability of your pen drive…

As for maximising the number of photographs, with that amount memory/flash cards you may wanna reduce the megapixels used by your camera. Five megapixels will let you print up to 8.5 x 10 inches of pics. So you can reduce the megapixels if you’re not planning to print pictures as large as that.

You may also wanna invest on portable memory storages, that usually allow you to directly download images from the camera. This is similar to a hard drive (in terms of capacity — in the range of 20, 40, 80, up GB), but has more features as it allows you to transfer images from the camera to the storage via USB or some means of connectivity. Some even have small LCD for previewing the images. This is usually being utilized by professional photographers.

You may also invest on a laptop. Of course, because you can do a lot of stuff when you have a laptop with you, including transferring pics, videos, etc. Allow you to connect to local WiFi networks for instant Internet connection, so you can directly upload your pics to your blog site… He he he…

… Or visit the nearest Internet cafe when in India (or perhaps the hotel has this facilities)… Just make sure you have everything you need to allow you to do the transfers from your camera to your PC to your pen-drive (if you don’t wanna buy any of the stuff I mentioned above).

Michael asks…

What is the best digital camera in the market ? SmartCamera or something else ?

I am looking for cameras with latest technology like wifi and cordless battery charging etc .Is there any ?

Pip answers:

That is depend on the price of that camera if you want many new technologies your camera will be about Rs. 15000 — Rs 25000. I thought it would be nikon coolpix P510 bridge

Robert asks…

How can I view pictures on my computer screen as they are being taken?

I want others to be able to view the pictures that I am taking as they are being taken. What steps do I need to take in order to connect my digital camera to the computer so that they can be view on the monitor and is there any software that needs to be purchased before that can happen

Pip answers:

There are a few cameras which include or accept WiFi. Those cameras are in constant communication with the computer which they are connected and the image can be seen on the computers screen as soon as it is shot.

Sports photographers use this system when deadlines happen during the sporting event and the photographer cannot leave his position on the field. An assistant edits the images and picks a couple of the best ones and then sends them to the publisher while the photographer continues shooting. If WiFi is unavailable in the stadium, then a runner collects the CF card from the photographer and takes it to the assistant.

Some portrait studios use this WiFi system during the shoot as do other photographers where having the photo at the editing computer ASAP is important enough to justify the cost of the extra equipment.

Nancy asks…

Do you need a computer to run eye-fi or just wireless internet?

I was shopping around the apple store today and came across eye-fi. Since i’m going to camp this summer I thought it would be good because the only electronic device aloud is a digital camera. Do you need a computer to post to facebook or just wifi. I don’t want to disguise my laptop as a pillow.

Pip answers:

You’re going to need a laptop to initially configure the eye-fi to the wireless access point. Once configured, you no longer need the laptop.

If they’ll let you use a computer at the camp to do the setup, you’d be good to go for the rest of your stay. I’ll post some links to cameras that work well with the eye-fi, and have built in menus to use it.

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Your Questions About Storing And Backing Up Digital Images

Joseph asks…

Where can I find security cameras for my yard?

I want to put 1 or more security cameras in my yard for many reasons. I want to know how much this will cost and where i can buy this. I want something that records and stores footage so when i go on vacation I could view the footage when i arrive home. Any tips or sugestions?
I want this to be as cheap as possible so i don’t think running a cord through my yard would work.
I want this to be as cheap as possible.

Pip answers:

To recorder the video you need a computer with lot of hard drive space or a video recorder – this can be digital or analog.

I use a DVR similar to this one:;jsessionid=LUbMxK4-T8mXlplSCVHxJQ**.node1?site=sr:SEARCH:MAIN_RSLT_PG

You need to add a hard drive. One of these is probably good enough for around 30 days of recording:;jsessionid=LUbMxK4-T8mXlplSCVHxJQ**.node1?site=sr:SEARCH:MAIN_RSLT_PG

but a 500 gig is probably a better idea. Set the image capture so when nothing is going on, there is only 1 still every 4 or more seconds, then set motion detection areas to trigger the recording to go to real time – that will revert to the 1 per four seconds (or whatever you choose) after about 15 seconds of no motion in the detection area.

Then comes the cameras… Higher resolution or night vision or wireless or rated for outdoor add to the cost. Remember – wireless is only wireless for the video signal – you still need power for the camera. If wired, the low-res are probably the cheapest cameras you will find with decent resolution.
This is probably as cheap as it gets – the night vision “throw” is not very far…


If you only need it for a one-time deal and install the camera under the roof-eve, you can use a indoor camera – but just so you know, it won’t last as long as a camera rated for outdoor use.

I use these:

good resolution and long throw on the night vision.

I am not aware of single channel DVRs… Since you have 4 channels, you can use up to 4 cameras – but you do not need to fill all the channels.

If you are that paranoid, you might also consider a battery back up – the cameras and the DVR need to plug into it.
Since we don’t know the cameras you want to use, we don’t know the power they draw – but this

should last a couple of hours with just the DVR.

Be sure to install the DVR in a place that is (1) difficult to find and (2) attached to something solid so it cannot be easily removed.

Sandy asks…

How long can a disposible camera be expired before it doesn’t work well anymore?

How long can a disposible camera be expired before it doesn’t work?
I have been looking for a deal on multiple digital camera’s I have found some on ebay with experation dates from March 2009 back to the beginning of 2008. How old can the camera be before it effects the pictures?

Pip answers:

A digital camera with an expiration date?

Perhaps you are talking about the disposable “digital” cameras, which are really film cameras where the output you get are digital images on a CD when you get them developed.

The answer to your question is, “it depends”. It depends on how they were stored. As film ages, the colors will change. The expiration dates are based on assumptions on storage condition temperatures (which is 70 degrees F). If the temperature is cooler, they will last longer. If it was kept in a hotter location it will be shorter.

Initial expiration doesn’t necessarily mean the resulting photos are worthless. It means that the colors will start to be off slightly. If the pictures are of a once in a lifetime event, I would hesitate. If you plan on giving them to kids to have fun with at a birthday party, buy away.

Linda asks…

What is the best photo storage site for professional photographers?

Some years back, my friend was an excellent film weddign photographer. She had a complete set of Minolta cameras, lenses, flashes and accessories. I have recently purchased for her a Sony Alpha digital body and all her accessories work well and she’s ready fo rher first digital gig. I know there must be many online storage options for publishing and sharing and presenting her images to her clients offering competitive pricing on prints and photo albums and such… was wondering If any professional digital photographers can shed some light on what might be the best site(s) to consider. Thanks!

Pip answers:

Pros usually do not store their images on the Internet. They make three CD’s of each shoot. One goes to the client, one stays in the office in a fire proof safe and the other one goes home … Into a fire proof safe;

We do have some of our images posted on the Internet, but they are very low resolution and cannot be used in any commercial way.

Loading a few thousand 4MB and larger files to a storage area on the Internet would take far too much time. If you attempted to store RAW images, the time to upload would become ludicrous.

Using a business website for your client to visit to check out images from their event and order from those images is done all the time. But the originals are never housed there.

Jenny asks…

How do i fully delete something off my camera, not trash it?

How to I fully delete something off my digital camera. Instead of going to the menu and clicking the trash can?
Its a sony camera

Pip answers:

Look in your camera’s menu for ‘format’. Or refer to your manual and look in the index pages on the back for ‘format’. This is better than deleting. Format will delete ALL images.

It will remove images/pictures AND the hidden information about each shot taken from your memory stick. This information also takes up room on your memory stick.

Always do this to your memory stick after you’ve safely downloaded to your computer or stored your pictures/images on a disc/CD.

Daniel asks…

Who would I ask to create fabric or material with a custom pattern or design on it?

If I wanted a specific image on material that could then be used for various purposes, how would I go about finding a company who can do that? For example, let’s say I wanted to upholster furniture in a custom print – maybe an artist’s rendition of my DNA code or whatever – what type of company would I seek out? What if I wanted to upholster 1000 chairs? What if I wanted to upholster only 10?

Pip answers:

Before you consider having someone create fabric for you, you might want to test the design yourself. Printable fabrics would be ideal for your project. There are several types and sizes. Normally, you would buy it in sheets (8 1/2″ x 11″) or on a roll (8 1/2″ wide x length of roll). You can purchase cottons, silks, canvas, etc. Several brands are available and instructions are printed on the package.
The basics of using printable fabrics:
1) Prepare your fabric design in a graphic software program or use a digital photo.
2) Place the printable fabric sheets in an inkjet printer and print the design.
3) Peel the paper backing off the printable fabric. Discard the paper backing.
4) Usually you will soak the printed fabric in water and then let it dry to set the inks into the fabric.

There are a number of companies who make printable fabrics, but I have used the HP brand and had very good results. You can buy printable fabric sheets and rolls at your local sewing store or at a hobby store such as Michael’s or Hobby Lobby.

The HP link below walks you through creating your own fabric design.

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Your Questions About Saving Digital Images

William asks…

How can digital camera store images?

Canon PowerShot SD780 IS Digital Camera Black Ixus 100

There is no memory information for this camera, how can it store image without memory stick? Is it there something similar as “computer hard drive”? If no, where do I buy the memory stick separately? I used to have an old digital camera coming with a memory stick.

Thank you very much!

supported memory: MMC, SD, SDHC, MMCplus -

What does it mean?


Pip answers:

The types of memory cards that will work with that camera are: MMC, SD, SDHC, MMCplus

You need to purchase a memory card for the camera to save images. You can buy them a Target, Wal-mart, or many places online including Amazon.

Helen asks…

Digital Photographs?

They say digital photos cannot degrade
and as they are digitised, they stay the same
but i store my pictures on DVD
and when I look at them
or download them again
they do not look as good
Is this true?

Pip answers:

The ONLY time a jpg image “degrades” is when it has been opened, modified and re-saved. So simply storing your images – no matter what format they are in – cannot possibly cause an image to lose quality.

My guess is that one of two things is causing your perception that the images “do not look as good.”

1. They haven’t changed at all. It’s just that your memory of them is somewhat inaccurate. Or,
2. The monitor you are now using isn’t as good as before (normal deterioration, failure to calibrate, age, different ambient light, etc.) Or (see below) your monitor is BETTER than before.

Saving in bitmap, PSD, TIFF, RAW or anything else is not going to make a difference.

Here’s a thought: were they originally saved in a low pixel resolution, and are you now looking at them on a monitor with a larger screen (and maybe better resolution)?

This happened to me recently. I have literally thousands of images stored on CDs, DVDs, external hard drives, etc. (as do most Pros). My eight year old Viewsonic monitor was rapidly dying and had to be replaced. I bought a 24 inch Apple Cinema Display.

The ACD is so good that it’s showing me flaws and slight imperfections that I simply never saw before – especially in some of the photo restorations I did 4 or 5 years ago.

Anyhow, the simple answer to your question is this: Unlike bread, milk and left-over lasagna, digital photos do not degrade on their own simply because they’ve been stored.

EDIT: (after reading the other responses) What Chris and Curtis said! Excellent answers!

Lizzie asks…

Saving animation files in photoshop?

I have an animation file in photoshop that I need to save as a video that can be used on DVD, PC, MAC, and others such as digital photo frames you get at Wal-Mart. I have not had much experience with photoshop except with basic photo editing.
I have CS4 extended. I do not think it has image ready.

Pip answers:

You need Image ready. Save your ‘animation’ in layers in Photoshop then export out to Image Ready. IR can redner your layers as frames in an animation and export out to AVI or MOV

Chris asks…

Photo copy and save to computer?????

You know when people have those older pictures on myspace.?
Like they don’t take the old picture with a digital camera.
Do they photo copy it and save the picture to the computer..?
How do they get it on the computer??
If they do photo copy it how does it get saved to the computer?? and what file does it go to?
lolzz ok scanner :]
but what file do I go to to get to the photo?

Pip answers:

You can use a scanner to create an image file (.jpg, .bmp, .gif, &c.) and then post that image file anywhere you have access in the Internet. Alternatively, you can use your digital camera to take a picture of your old photograph and use the subsequent image file (probably a .jpg) in the same manner as one from a scanner.

Maria asks…

How to save RAW files in Photoshop?

Everytime I save a RAW file for Photoshop, the image turns out black and white and very odd looking. Like it has been spliced up.
What am I doing wrong?

Pip answers:

“What makes the camera raw format so spectacularly awesome is that it saves exactly what the camera’s sensors captured. Working within this format gives you the power to edit your image non-destructively, leaving the original (raw) image data intact. The settings for exposure, white point, sharpening and so on are saved in a metafile called a sidecar that can be removed or changed without ever altering the original image. There is also zero compression applied to the file. It is very much like a negative from a film camera, hence the name “digital negative.” It’s this friendly term that gives the camera raw format its common file extension of .DNG.”

This is part of an article I found on Webmonkey and here is the link to the page, if you would like to read the rest:

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