Your Questions About Nikon Digital Cameras Wiki

Daniel asks…

Nikon EM SLR vs. Canon T50?

I have both of those camera’s, however they are both broken. The Canon T50 has something wrong with the shutter mechanically, whereas the Nikon EM has a problem with a dial not working. The Nikon would generally cost $110 to fix where the Canon would cost around $90 to fix. I’m just concerned which is the better camera, and I’m willing to shell out either amount for the camera that is a better quality 35mm.

Pip answers:

The T50 is the more advanced camera of the two. But it’s not worth fixing… Places like will sell you a replacement T50 in good condition for less than $90. Besides, a shutter repair usually means replacing the shutter completely, and that can push the price up higher.

The Nikon EM can also be replaced for less than the repair quote. Which in this case seems pretty high.

So if it were me, I’d buy a replacement body. I’d base the Canon vs. Nikon decision on my current lens collection. If you have 5 great Canon lenses, get another Canon. If you have more Nikon lenses, get another Nikon. Finding a replacement Nikon in good condition should be easier though – all of Nikon’s modern SLR cameras can use your current lenses. With Canon you’d need a replacement body with the FD lens mount that was discontinued in the mid 1980s (replaced by the “EOS” system with the EF lens mount).

For Nikon you could get an FM10 or so. They’re sold here for $70 but you can probably find a better deal on eBay, Craigslist, or at your local flea market.
More info on the FM10:

You could even use your Nikon E lenses on a digital Nikon, although you’d have no metering with the entry level models.

For Canon I’d get a T70. It’s a tiny step up from the T50. Here’s one in excellent condition for just $41:

Sharon asks…

Nikon adapter question?

hi guys,
im goin to get a nikon d7000 from amazon, i live in the middle east , since the electric plugs are different im worried if it wont work here . we use these :

i know i could buy an adapter but could it come with the one i need?

Pip answers:

You will need an adapter.

Normally if you buy goods from in-country, Nikon supplies the proper adapter as this varies from country to country.

But since it appears you are buying from Amazon US, then the charger will be supplied with the adapter for the US market.

However, the MH-25 battery charger is designed to work with adapters for different systems. So all you might need is to buy the proper IEC60320-C7 adapter for the MH-25 from Nikon.

And here is a photo of the MH25 charger showing how the adapter fits. Perhaps you could even find such an adapter at your local camera store.


Here is a Wikipedia on the IEC-C7 and other connectors:

If you notice the socket end, that is called an IEC-C7 Adapter, and goes into the Nikon MH25 charger, no matter what country you are in. All you need is the proper adapter to go from IEC-C7 to whatever your system is.

One thing you should realize though is some MH25 battery chargers sold in the us were limited to 120VAC@60Hz.

But on my D7100, the MH-25 was the 100-240VAC@50/60Hz worldwide version. So it appears Nikon quit supplying the 120VAC versions to the US awhile ago. But you should just check to be sure when you get yours.

Linda asks…

Will Pentax “K” lenses fit Pentax DSLR Cameras?

I have a Pentax ME Super Camera and wish to purchase a Pentax Digital SLR, will my lenses fit a new body?

Pip answers:


Yes, you can mount any Pentax K-mount lens on any Pentax DSLR, and shoot and meter through it.

Here are the issues you may run into:

1) Crop factor:

The DSLR sensor is smaller than the 35mm film frame, so you’re only using the middle approximately 43% of the image area that would be used with the same lens on a 35mm camera. The “crop factor” for Pentax is 1.5x, meaning that, for example, a 50mm lens will have the field of view on a Pentax DSLR as 75mm lens on a 35mm film camera. A 24mm lens will have the field of view of a 36mm lens, a 200mm lens will have the field of view of a 300mm lens, etc.

As you might guess, this crop factor is nice for telephoto, not so much for wide angle.

An advantage of this is that most lenses are best toward the middle, and worst out at the edges. So with the DSLR, you’re using the “sweet spot” of the lens. Lenses that have so-so corners on film, generally do better on DSLRs.

A disadvantage of this is that for any given print size, the DSLR image needs to be enlarged more than the 35mm image. So lenses that have poor resolution or sharpness even in their sweet spot may look a bit worse on digital, given the same field of view. But the lens has to be quite bad for this to be a significant factor.

Some other brands of have different crop factors, and some have more than one to choose from:
— Olympus: 2.0x
— Sigma: 1.7x
— Canon: 1.6x, 1.3x, & 1x (1x means no conversion factor; same size as 35mm film frame)
— Sony/Minolta/Konica-Minolta: 1.5x, 1x
— Nikon: 1.5x, 1x

For more on crop factor see:

2) Manual-exposure lenses:

Your ME Super is designed for manual-exposure lenses; you set the aperture on the lens, and the camera can set the shutter speed automatically (or allow you to choose the shutter speed manually).

Auto-exposure lenses have an A or AE on the aperture ring. Your ME can’t use the A or AE setting, but can still use those lenses with the aperture ring on other settings.

With manual-exposure lenses (often called “M” lenses by the Pentax crowd, though really the category includes other lenses besides the ones Pentax called “M”) on a DSLR, you’ll need to learn a certain technique. It’s not difficult once you’ve tried it a few times, but it can get very verbose to explain (and unfortunately it’s not well explained in any of the Pentax manuals), so instead I’ll point you to a good web site that explaines it with good pictures:

Auto-exposure lenses — the ones that have an A or AE on the aperture ring, or that do not have an aperture ring at all — are fully compatible with all Pentax DSLRs, no special techniques needed, though of course manual-focus lenses must be manually focused.

The only lenses which would require stop-down metering on any Pentax DSLR are the same lenses which would have required stop-down metering on your ME Super — M42 Universal Screwmount lenses mounted with an adapter. They’re nothing to be afraid of and are often excellent values.

3) Manual focus:

Your ME Super has a focusing screen with focusing aids for manual focusing — the split-image and the microprism collar, and the matte screen.

Auto-focus SLRs, and DSLRs, do not have the split-image and the microprism collar. And, though they do have the matte screen, it’s smaller and harder to use for fine-tuning focusing.

How much smaller? The apparent size of the viewfinder image can be calculated by multiplying the film or sensor’s image area by the viewfinder magnification and viewfinder coverage. For your Pentax ME Super, that’s:
(24mm x 36mm) x 0.95 x 0.92 = (21mm x 31.5mm)

For the Pentax K-x, that’s:
(16mm x 24mm) x 0.85 x 0.96 = (13mm x 19.6mm)

For the Pentax K-7, that’s:
(16mm x 24mm) x 0.92 x 1.00 = (14.7mm x 22mm)

You can increase the viewfinder size somewhat with the Pentax O-ME53 Viewfinder Loupe magnifying eyecup, which magnifies the image by 1.2x. I’ve been using it for years and like it. With that magnification, the viewfinder sizes are:

Pentax K-x:
(16mm x 24mm) x 0.85 x 0.96 x 1.2 = (15.7mm x 23.5mm)

Pentax K-7:
(16mm x 24mm) x 0.92 x 1.00 x 1.2 = (17.7mm x 26.5mm)

Here’s the Pentax O-ME53 Viewfinder Loupe magnifying eyecup:

If you choose, you can get an after-market focusing screen which does have the split-image and microprism collar. I’ve been using one from Katz-Eye for years and like it:–Pentax-DSLRs–cat_pentax.html

Also helpful for manual focusing is choosing a model with a pentaprism instead of a penta-mirror. Pentaprisms are brighter because penta-mirrors suffer more light loss in their reflections. A brighter viewfinder is easier to manually focus. Of course, it can be helpful for composition in dim light too. Models with a pentaprism are:

K-7, K20D, K10D, *ist DS2, *ist DS, *ist D

Models with penta-mirrors are:

K-x, K-m (K2000), K200D, K100D Super, K100D, K110D, *ist DL2, *ist DL

As fun as it is to use old lenses on my Pentax DSLR, for most general shooting it’s more convenient to use a modern auto-focus lens. So assuming you don’t already have an autofocus lens, I would suggest getting your DSLR with the kit lens — usually the Pentax DA 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 — which is a good value. I started with the Pentax DA 16-45, before the 18-55 was introduced. I liked it, but today I use the Tamron 17-50mm f/2.8.

Good luck and have fun!


Paul asks…

what is the lens version for Nikon for a EF85mm f/1.8 USM?

I know the above Lens is for a canon, but what lens is for a Nikon? :}
also, would it work on a Nikon D3000?

Pip answers:

Nikon has an 85mm f/1.4 AF-S that will autofocus on your D3000. It’s a $2,000 lens. There is also a 85mm f/1.8 AF-D that will mount and meter, but requires manual focusing. It runs around $450.


Sigma also makes a very nice 85mm f/1.4 that goes for $970.


Finally, there’s a manual focus 85mm that’s gettiing excellent review for it’s $300 price.


Here’s a complete list of lenses that are 100% compatible with your camera.

Susan asks…

Choosing affordable camera – what’s best?

So I’ve been thinking a lot about buying DSLR and I know for sure that I want either Nikon or Canon. Makes no difference to me. But I can’t afford anything too great and won’t be able to in the nearest future.

Checking cameras in my price range made me think about what would be best – buying a newer camera, but only entry-level, ooor buying older camera but mid-range one. So that’s the main question here.

‘Affordable’ to me is about 250$/200€/160£

I compared cameras looking at these timelines:

And compared prices on Amazon.
‘New camera’ would be 2009+

I want to know from people who have ever had older cameras, if they have any real important flaws compared to newer ones.
Forgot to mention that I mostly consider used cameras, but they need to be in great condition. I think that is possible :)

Pip answers:

You can buy DSLRs easily for that price, but they will most likely be used and entry level. Shop around though, who knows, you might get lucky. Check all controls are working. Check that the sensor is reasonably clean – shoot up into the light with small aperture (e.g. F18-22) and see if there is any dirt on the sensors. Sensors can normally be cleaned – even at home with a custom made swipe for your sensor – but just sometimes, it’s not so easy.

I’ve bought two used DSLRs in the past, both well under your limit (GBP £50 and £120). Both could have been described as old models (Pentax K110D and Sony A200). I had so much fun with those cameras, and I have learned so much, although in photography, there is always more to learn.

Personally I recommend to beginners that they buy used or entry level DSLRs. DSLRs allow you to look straight through a lens, change lenses, and have full manual controls over exposure. Unlike a film SLR, it also gives you instant results and a histogram, to judge your progress from. I would recommend that you try to save some money to buy a better lens with, than the stock lens.

Personally, my journey has taken me back to film photography – but cheap DSLRs taught me so much.

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Your Questions About Digital Cameras At Walmart

Lizzie asks…

How do I get insurance on a digital camera/camcorder/video-corder that I didn’t buy at Walmart?

Will Walmart put insurance on my digital camera/camcorder/video-corder? Someone paid $700.00 for it for me for Christmas. I didn’t buy it; :) Lucky me huh? Oh yeah! It’s a Sanyo.

Pip answers:

Usually the customer assistants ask you at the point of buying the items if you want insurance like for damages etc for the camera. The best thing you could do is go back and ask them yourself if they can provide insurance for it, but with my personal experience you had to do it at that very time, but all stores are different and have different policies so give it a try, you could also try getting insurance for the camera elsewhere . Hope I helped :D

Robert asks…

How do I ship a digital camera?

I have sold my digital camera on ebay successfully only Im not sure the best way to ship it.

Where can I get a little box and some bubble wrap? Any suggestions?

Pip answers:

Lots of places – Staples, Walmart, Fred Meyer…… Just look in their office supply sections, they always have shipping stuff, too.

James asks…

How much should I spend on a digital camera/what should I look for?

Hey! I think I’m finally going to trade the blotchy 35mm in for a digital camera.. I want versatility, photo quality, and nice portable size.. How much should I spend to get something decent (it doesn’t need to be professional quality or anything), which brands/models are good, and what features should I be looking for? Thanks!

Pip answers:

In new cameras, look for a viewfinder (LCD invisible in bright sun), optical image stabilizer, and check battery prices. High mega pixel settings take longer to process and may not be needed unless required for very large pictures. Maximum print size for a 3 mega pixel setting is 8 x 10 inches. Click links below for more details.
Http:// …
Http:// …

The Canon A590IS is a slightly older model that is available everywhere at great sale prices. Think it is a great camera and a best buy. It has auto focus, a viewfinder, optical image stabilization, and uses rechargeable NiMH batteries.
Http:// …
Http:// …

You may never need expanded wide angle or telephoto capabilities, but the A590 IS is compatible with Canon’s accessory lens adapters: A small button next to the lens bezel is actually a latch; press it and you can remove the bezel ring, exposing a bayonet mount for accessory lenses. Canon offers the WC-DC52 0.7x wide-angle lens, the TC-DC52A telephoto lens, the 250D 52mm closeup lens separately, along with the LA-DC52G adapter to mount them on the camera. (Note that the wide, tele, and macro lenses all need the LA-DC52G adapter to mount them to the camera. The lenses won’t work by themselves.)

There is no one place to get great buys, but click the second link in the information above then search for your camera of choice at the upper left. Camera prices at this link change often.

What gives a camera its picture quality?
It is mostly the skill of the photographer that produces high quality pictures. The lens and camera are very important, but the ability to set the scene, adjust the cameras settings, and hold the camera very still or use a tripod with auto or remote shutter actuation when required is what gets the great pictures. Mega pixel resolution is about potential photo size, not picture quality.

There are so many cameras out there it is difficult to say which is best, but the second source link will be very helpful as it list most of the cameras out there with prices. The following information should help you know what to look for in a camera.

A friend asked me to clean and charge her new 2000mAh Duracell batteries as described in the next link. Those batteries are still going strong after four months of normal use and have not been recharged.


Most NiMH rechargeable batteries lose charge and should be recharged when not used after two weeks, but Duracell and RayOVac new formula 2000mAh NiMH batteries hold charge one year when not used. Also, 2000mAh batteries seem to have a longer life. Did not like these batteries at first, but have 12 over five years old and all are still as good as new. Higher mAh batteries (about one year old) still work well in flashlights, but won’t start my camera.

CAUTION Do not overcharge! Batteries can be damaged. Use an automatic two or more hour Energizer Compact smart charger with temperature monitor, trickle charge technology, and safety timer($9.76) at Walmart. Use pre-charged NiMH 2000mAh Duracell ($12.97) or RayOVac ($5.97) batteries (both hold charge one year) and a full cycle charge. After five years of normal use these batteries are still going four months without recharge. To preserve battery charge, use the viewfinder.

This link is about prolonging the life of lithium-ion batteries that last two to three years.
Http:// …

This could be the best slim line camera with a viewfinder and … It’s PINK, but it uses a $49.50 Series G Rechargeable 960mAh lithium-ion battery.
Http://;_ylc=X3oDMTB0bjZzaWNuBF9TAzk2NjMyOTA3BHNlYwNmZWVkBHNsawNlbGVj …
Http:// …

CAUTION To prevent memory card corruption, keep batteries charged, format in camera, and don’t delete or fill card completely. Wait for lights to stop flashing then turn camera off before removing memory. For card readers, double click Safely Remove Hardware. Select, then click Stop and OK.

Lots of great camera tips in this link.
Http:// …

My camera has 5.2 mega pixel, but I use 3 most of the time because it gives great results, is faster, and takes less memory. Also, it only has a 3 x optical zoom and 7 x digital zoom. I never use the digital zoom because making pictures larger works better on the computer. This is an old camera, but everyone is impressed with the quality pictures it takes … Like magic.

Once you select a camera, read all about it in the owner’s manual. Check the camera maker’s site or view owner’s manuals at this link. You will need to Login. Http:// …

The source links show most of the cameras out there with prices and make digital cameras work better with help on cleaning camera and battery electrical contacts.

Source(s): …
Http:// …

Richard asks…

What Digital Camera Should I Buy?

I am planning on getting a digital camera for my birthday and I cant decide on a camera. Does anyone have any tips on what I sould get. I have a budget of about $200. I dont really know much about cameras like mega pixels and stuff so also can someone please explain to me?! Thank you sooooooo much.

Pip answers:

We just did a lot of research and according to reviews by Consumer Reports, Canon cameras were getting the best ratings in the compact camera category. Since you don’t have a lot of experience with digital camera’s I wouldn’t really go with a top of the line camera. I just got my son a Canon Powershot A1000IS. It’s pretty inexpensive and takes great photos. It also has an image stabilizer for beginners to avoid blurry photos. Walmart has the cheapest price I’ve seen on this camera. It has a nice little zoom lens and takes 2 AA batteries.

I’ve included a link to amazon for reviews and Walmart for a great price. Best of luck with your shopping.

Joseph asks…

Where can I take my digital camera to be developed in Germany?

Does anyone know if in Germany they have places like CVS or walmart where you can take your digital camera and develop the pictures yourself? (that doesn’t cost too much)
I want to develop a few pictures for a Christmas present and I don’t know where to go…please help me!!

Pip answers:

There are stores similar to walmart in Germany, like Kaufland, Edeka (the big ones), and Muller. You can get pictures developed in any of these stores. I have also seen printing kiosks in many other stores where you can just print out a few pictures. Most big stores can develop pictures for you. Just go in and ask. If I knew what city you were in I might be able to be more specific.

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Your Questions About Sony Digital Camera Battery

George asks…

Digital Cameras?

Is there a better digital camera than the Canon PowerShot S5 IS Digital Camera? I want a camera that takes high quality stills and has a movie mode, but in the $300-$400 range. Any suggestions are greatly appreciated!

Pip answers:

I purchased the sony dsc7 but would recommend the dsc9 because it has a complete darkness mode and the lcd viewer screen tilts and flips around for low angle shots so you don’t have to lay on the ground. That’s the only difference between the two cameras. My camera take fantastic shots it has a 15x optical zoom not a digital one to get you close in. Then you can use the digital zoom from there and you will not believe how close you can get to what ever you shooting at and the picture is perfectly clear. I am so happy that i bought this camera would never purchase anything else if you would like some examples of pictures i have taken email me and i will send you a bunch. O yea the camera costs about 300 dollars, i do recommend as with all digital cameras get an extra battery so you will not run out of power. The movie mode is great as well on a 1mb card in movie mode you can take i believe about 3 hours of footage. Then just download it into your computer and burn it on to a cd/dvd disk. Any other questions email me ok ….dave

Ruth asks…

do they make an aftermarket lithim ion battery for my sony dsc h2 digital camera?

it currently takes 2 AA batteries, and i have kodak rechargable 2500 mah batteries for it and they are only good for about 10 photos before they die. i think that is rediculous my fuji finepix s4100 can take about 60 photos on 4 batteries? why does this sony camera kill batteries so quickly? i always use the view finder and never the lcd screen? i was wondering if there is some kind of after market battery pack that can be purchased for it and that lasts longer? i really love the 12x zoom and the awesome photo quality of this camera but it is really not very usable when the batteries die so quickly in it. the rechargable batteries i am using are brand new too just so you know that is not the reason why the die quickly. any answers will be appreciated. thanks! :o )

Pip answers:

Of course. Best Buy, Wal Mart, Target, they all have recharge AA batteries. Many of them come with their dedicated charger.

That seems odd to me that the batteries would die so quickly. I have two cameras that use AA batteries and each is good for about 600 shots.

How old is that camera? If it’s still under warranty I’d contact Fuji for discussion of the problem, this shouldn’t be this way.

Betty asks…

Can any memory card, battery, etc. work with Sony Digital Cameras?

I’m buying a sony digital camera soon, and I just want to know if they can take any other brand [you know,sandisk and stuff like that] memory cards. I’m not sure if the sony products are ONLY compatible with sony accessories.

Pip answers:

I have a sony digital camera and they are fully compatible with sandisk and lexar memory sticks – as long as you get the right type. You can get other batteries but are often not as good – I have a Hahnel one as a back up but always use the main sony one first as it has a better life.

UPDATE: People below are talking rubbish – you just have to get the memory STICK versions – either normal or pro – both of these are made by the companies I listed above and work perfectly. Sony is the only one that uses memory sticks and not cards – they look like old stlye chewing gum pieces.

Linda asks…

Sony DSC-T200 Digital Camera?

i got a T200 from japan as a gift. but the problem is that i dont understand japanese. how do i change the interface from japanese to english? is it possible to update/flash the firmware like mobile phones or thing like that. i did checked out the sony site but i dont understand a thing. plz help if u can. thank you

Pip answers:

You should be able to download the Instruction manual and users guide for your camera in English at this link.


The information below should provide other helpful camera tips and information. One big thing is cleaning battery and camera electrical contacts.

Consider this battery tale of woe. The camera reports battery low and cuts off … It’s really bad electrical contacts. The battery goes into a 16 hour non automatic charger, but the battery is not really low. The battery may now be severely damaged by overcharging.

Higher mega pixels may not really be the best thing to look for. It is more expensive, takes longer to process, and may not be needed unless you are making a really large picture or blowing up a small part of a picture.

Many of the new cameras come with only an LCD display. Would suggest that you find one that has an optical view finder because the LCD is almost impossible to see in bright sun.

Check the second source link for a camera that may be just what you are looking for. This is a digital video and single-lens reflex cameras that can show the finish line action in a video so it does not rely on the fast click of the shutter to catch the winner.

Via the built-in USB port, the device can be connected to any normal computer, using the power supply from the USB bus to enable continuous operation. The DV-5000G can therefore be used as a full PC and web cam with VGA resolution (640 x 480) at 30 fps. Http:// …

Check with some of the Geeks at camera retailers and find out what they have. The information about my camera is just to show that you don’t need the biggest and best.

My camera has 5.2 mega pixel, but I use 3 most of the time because it gives great results, is faster, and takes less memory. Also, it only has a 3 x optical zoom and 7x digital zoom. I never use the digital zoom because making pictures larger works better on the computer. This is an old camera, but everyone is impressed with the quality pictures it takes … Like magic. Check with the Geeks in several stores and compare prices. Ask what cameras they own. Once you select a camera read all about it in the owner’s manual.

Check this camera. FUJIFILM – FinePix 10.0-Megapixel Digital. This is more camera for the money.
Wide-angle shooting, a 12x optical zoom and picture stabilization mode combine in this camera for exceptional shooting performance, even at a distance. Plentiful scene modes, autofocus and automatic white balance controls make this camera a snap to operate. Life time Warranty (Parts & Labor)
You may be able to find it on the Internet for a lower price.
Http:// …

This could be the best slim line camera.
Http://;_ylc=X3oDMTB0bjZzaWNuBF9TAzk2NjMyOTA3BHNlYwNmZWVkBHNsawNlbGVj …

The last source link will show you most of the old and new cameras available today.

The first source link will help you clean camera and battery electrical contacts. Digital Cameras require lots of power. If the contacts are not really good, it can cause lots of problems.

Susan asks…

Which is Best Sony Digital Camera?

Hi Dear,
Am planning to buy a Sony Digital camera i have collected some of the models from Sony website (India).
Please suggest me which one is best in image & video quality & also zooming.


Thanks in advance…

Pip answers:

Sony DSC-HX100V
Rs. 22500
The Sony DSC-HX100V belongs to the Cyber-shot family of point and shoot cameras. This Sony camera uses the Exmor R CMOS sensor with 16.2 megapixel resolution. The Carl Zeiss Vario Sonnar T lens of the Cyber-shot camera provides 30x optical and 4x digital zoom. The focal length of this digital camera is 4.8 mm – 144 mm and 27 mm – 810 mm in the 35 mm equivalent format. The DSC-HX100V is ideal for those who are photo enthusiasts and travel regularly.

This Cyber – shot camera weighs 577 g including the accessories, memory card and batteries. The camera body has a rounded, classic DSLR shape. The Sony DSC-HX100V point and shoot camera can record Full HD movies at a resolution of 1920 x 1080 (30 fps). This digital camera can also capture 3D images by automatically taking two consecutive offset shots and combining them to create a 3D effect.

The camera comes preloaded with the BIONZ image processor. An electronic viewfinder is also installed in the Cyber – shot camera. This Sony camera has a 3-inch Xtra Fine TruBlack LCD display with a resolution of 921,000 dot pixels.

Best choice with all features, best overall performance, good durability and is value for money product. Go with it.

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Your Questions About Nikon Digital Cameras Wiki

Paul asks…

Does anyone know anything about Pentax cameras ?

A couple days ago, I found an old Pentax camera in the attic my parents used to have. I THINK the lens cap said something about it being a 140? I have no idea anything about it; I’ve only seen it that once. Can you tell me anything about Pentaxs? Being 14, I know nothing about them, but I’m really into photography. Do you think it would still work; I mean, if it’s even that old in the first place? There was some film in it’s bag, but I didn’t want to try it out. I don’t even know where it’s supposed to go. It’s definitely nothing like my P&S Nikon. . .

Pip answers:

Pentax made some very good quality film cameras. They were late getting into digital but they continue to make very good cameras and lenses.
Compact cameras normally need batteries so look for a battery compartment. If the battery can’t be obtained now, well, that’s life.
The camera can be tested fairly easily if it’s an SLR. Or if it works without batteries.
Open the back. You’ll see a clip for it at one side or just lift the rewind knob.
Now hold the camera up to the light with the lens cap off and wind the wind-on lever. If it won’t wind, press the shutter button.
You should see light coming through it.
Now look at the shutter dial and set some different speeds if it has a shutter speed dial..
If it looks like it’s faster or less light comes through the faster the speed you set, that’s fine.125 means 1/125th 30 means 1/30th and so on.
Look on the camera body for a number or letters like Spotmatic, K1000, MX, ME 140 Zoom, etc
That’s the model number.
Put that in the search box with the word Pentax and ‘manual’ or ‘instruction book’
You can get free downloads for hundreds of camera manuals..
Clean it up being very careful with the lens so you don’t scratch it and put a film in the camera. You need 35mm film.
Then go and have fun.
Here’s how to do it at a basic level, enough to get started

Take the film to a film processing shop and pick it up same day or next day to see the prints.
That’s a start…loads to learn from there.
Best of luck..

Mandy asks…

Largest sensor size for a digital SLR under $1,000?

I’m looking for a starter DSLR so I’d like it to be under $1,000. But I’d also like for it to have a larger sensor size than 2/3. Is there one out there with a 4/3″ sensor size for under that price?
I was told with a larger sensor you can make larger prints. Plus I’m a cropper. I love to be able to take one picture and crop out what i want. I’m starting a beach photography business and want to be able to offer large prints, such as 16×20 or 18×24. I’m looking into the 40D now and like a lot of the features, though with the kit, it’s over $1,000. So we’ll see.
“What?” So which camera would you recommend? If it’s under $1,000 my husband won’t grumble so much. (I’m still learning about cameras, but can’t go to school for it yet until my kids are older…so until then, it’s experimentation)
lol So many choices. I think I’m going to need to go to the store and see if I can take some test pics using my own memory card. Upload and see how they come out. Thanks everyone for the info!!
x.x Photoshop is so confusing and expensive. I have Microsoft Digital Image Suite 2006 that does usually what I want. When I can finally get back into college (when my kids are in school), I’ll take a photoshop class and get the program.

Pip answers:

I think you have aspect ratio and dimensions mixed up. Most DSLRs remain faithful to the 3:2 aspect ratio of film. The Four-Thirds system is the only one that uses a 4:3 aspect ratio. However, Four-Thirds sensors are phyiscally smaller than APS-C cameras.

Learn more about aspect ratio here:

Learn more about sensor formats here:

For under $1,000, APS-C will be the largest. Cameras that use this type of sensor include the Nikon D80, D40, D40X, D60; Canon 40D, 30D, 400D, 450D, 1000D; Sony Alpha A200, A300, A350, A700; Pentax K20D, K200D, K10D, K100D; Samsung GX-20.

The benefit of a larger sensor is the lower pixel density which relates to the amount of noise at the higher, and sometimes lower, ISOs. There’s also a 1:1 crop factor which means a 50mm lens will give a FOV of a 50mm lens.

What you need for large prints is resolution which is dependent on two factors: the camera and, more importantly, the lens. You may get cleaner images if you’re shooting in dark areas but a larger sensor size has little to do with anything else.

A 10 MP camera with quality glass should give you good to excellent 16×20 prints with a bit of room to crop.

Follow-up (2):
I would recommend getting an entry-level DSLR for now while you start saving for and/or building your collection of lenses. Camera technology develops over time but your optics will stay with you for a while. This way, you’ll be ready when you decide to upgrade to something better in the future.

I’d stick with Canon or Nikon for their large range of bodies and lenses.

Jenny asks…

Nikon Long Exposure Normalization?

Here is some background info to my problem. I am a Nikon(D700) shooter. Nikon has this “Long exposure Normalization” which is noise reduction for long exposure shots. The problem is that it takes time after the shot and the camera is locked up until it is done. I think it for 3 second exposure it takes 3 second to “normalize”. This is fine for landscapes, but for fireworks, I want to be able to snap the next shot as soon as the exposure is done. Turning this option off will leave noisy image even at ISO 200 & 400.

My question is there a way to “normalize” the RAW file in post process using Nikon provided softwares? I use lightroom 3 noise reduction too, but just want to know if Nikon has it.


Pip answers:

This ‘normalization’ as Nikon calls it goes by it’s real name and that is – dark frame subtraction. This is a technique where after the long exposure is taken, and BEFORE it is turned into a jpg in the camera, the camera holds the image and takes a 2nd exposure of a dark frame and then subtracts this frame from the time exposure resulting in a rather clean, noise free image.


This dark frame subtraction is not done very well on jpg images and best with camera raw. Hence the time needed to do all this – in camera. It can work on jpg’s but sometimes not as well as raw.
However, there is no way to get around it, except one..!
Dark frame subtraction is the name and process given to digital astro-photography cameras and is needed for the 100′s of minutes worth of exposures these cameras can do. Even tho these specialized cameras are chilled, the chip still produces some noise and with out mapping the noise out, one could not tell what is stars or noise most of the time.
There are after image processing programs than can do dark frame subtraction later, in your computer as long as you have shot the images in raw or another non-compression format. Jpg will not work as well because it rips the integrity right out of a image. But, it can still be done.






A after image processing tool for dark frame subtraction –
By Googling – dark frame subtraction – and – dark frame subtraction programs – you will get a wealth of information on this subject. I wish manufactures of any digital camera that has the ability to expose for 1 second and more would include this subtraction sub-routine in the camera and allow it to be on or off as the user wants or needs.
My Fuji S-2 Pro, built on a Nikon N-80 body has dark frame subtraction built in on anything over 1 second. It too was a PIA for “rapid fire” time exposures as you say, but boy oh boy were the images clean and crisp. Exposures to 20 minutes were fantastic…
Hope this has helped..
Bob – Tucson

Daniel asks…

Is this a good camera?

Ok so in the previews of i am number four it shows Sarah using this camera.,r:1,s:0

obviously its old and i would get it off ebay. but why would a student with such technologies and digital cameras at hand what would make her want to use this.

Pip answers:

Yes, indeed, this is a very old 35 mm Nikon SLR, one of the first to sport a light meter in fact

They were selling like made in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam war

You may be better served to buy the Nikon F4, the fourth incarnation of that fine camera. What it has is the ability to use all the Nikkor manual focus lenses as well as the new AF-S, super fast auto-focusing lenses.

Rather than risking buying a piece of junk some unscrupulous person is selling on eBay, look on craigslist for such a camera in a city near you. At least you can look at the camera for obvious damage and test its functions before you hand over your money

Sandy asks…

Whats a really good photography camera?

My birthday is coming up and i wanted a really good camera. I don’t want a professional one, such as the ones with the really long fronts to the camera that they’d use for photography like in hollywood. I want one like the Nikon Coolpix L120 (about that size). I didn’t know if cannon or nikon was better. I want one that really got good focus, and took clear pictures. I don’t want a tiny little digital one with touch screen that i could fit in my pocket though. Something bigger, such as the example i gave (Nikon Coolpix L120). I don’t know if theres new cameras out or what. Thanks!

Pip answers:

Hi mickayla

It would be helpful if we had some idea of your budget. The L120 is a somewhat older model camera frequently called “bridge” or “ultra zoom” type and is now discounted to around $200. Newer equivalent models from Nikon are about $300~$350. Other.good models of this type are made by Canon, Fujifilm, Olympus, Panasonic and Sony. Here is a link to information about a number of current models with “long zoom” capability.

(Note: This is a link to a “commercial site”, you may get a pop up ad before you get to the list but is not a “spam” link, just click the button to skip the ad & you should continue to the list).


Olympus and Panasonic are currently emphasizing their more advanced capability Mirrorless Interchangeable Lens Cameras (MILC) which use the same standard Micro Four Thirds lens standard and Sony has similar MILC offerings in their NEX group of products. Nikon has just introduced their “1″ series of models to be compact competitors in the MILC category which have gotten good reviews but may have a weak selection of COMPACT lenses. To understand the advantages of this type of camera check out this link which includes a detailed chart of available cameras….


From this information I hope you can find enough details to figure out what would be a good fit for you.

By the way, I got my wife one of the Olympus MILC models to use as our “family” camera, you can see photos of and made with the camera here….

Oly E-PL1with lens retracted into "storage" position

Hope that helps. Feel free to email me if you need more detailed explanations….

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Your Questions About Digital Cameras 2013

Donald asks…

When is Nokia launching Asha 210 mobile phone in India?

Anyone has information about it? Please tell.

Pip answers:

.Nokia Asha 210
Its u r Question answer =Release Date in India : Jun 30, 2013


other information…
I want to give u
Nokia Asha 210 is a Bar phone weighing 99.5g. It?s dimensions are 111.5MM x 60MM x 11.80MM . The talk-time of the phone is Up to 12 hours. The phone operates at frequencies of GSM 900 / 1800 MHz. The Phone has a Display of 2.4 inches, QVGA LCD 65K Colors. This model comes with Camera of , 2.0 Mega Pixels Camera with Fixed Focus with , 4x Digital Zoom..

Brand Nokia
Model Asha 210
Weight 99.5 G
Form Factor Bar
Dimensions 111.5x60x11.80 MM
Operating Frequency GSM 900 / 1800 MHz
Key Pad Yes, Qwerty Keypad

Paul asks…

Which are the cheapest DSLR and SLR cameras in March, 2013?

I need 5 cheapest DSLR’s and 5 cheapest SLR’s.
I can spend maximum 25 K (INR).

Pip answers:

5 only? Why not all!

Digital SLR (dSLR):

Note: 2-digit Sony alphas are not dSLR’s. They are SLT’s.

Film SLR (SLR):

Mandy asks…

This may sound like a stupid question, but hear me out?

There are two .jpg images. Each has the precise number of pixels – e.g., the dimensions are the same.

These were images taken by a professional photographer so presumably he had good equipment, lighting, etc.

On was about 500KB, and decent, but a bit blurry. The other was 10 MB and crystal clear. You could see the dew on the blades of grass, the individual strands of the people’s hair, etc.

I know this sounds strange, but given the precise amount of physical information, pixels, were used, where is that additional 9.5 MB coming from and what goes into making it a better image?

BQ: What is primary reason digital images look better in 2013 than 2003 – technology, or was the technology available in 2003, but the data size of the files precluded them from widespread use?
OK. I thought if two images were say, 1000 x 1000 pixels, and if you viewed said image on a 23 inch monitor with 1920 x 1080 resolution, that they would be *exactly* the same physical size on that monitor.

Pip answers:

It means the .jpg is the same size,”pixels” have different meanings, size and resolution. The computer can make bigger pixles smaller, either to save space or because the camera resolution is to small eg. 2.2 mp or 20 mp. (megapixles) the size of the file is different because there are way more smaller pixles in the one that the other. Therdore higher resolution. The year difference is because the cameras back then only had like , 1 megapixle and now pro cameras have up to 100 megapixles

Linda asks…

How good or bad is 4.0 mega pixels on a digital camera?

OK….I have a habit of taking pictures of everything. When it comes to people, I take pictures of them off guard. Meaning, off guard is always the best rather than posing. When it comes to nature and such, I take pictures of sunsets, trees, leaves, fire hydrants, basically anything. The odd ones always look nice and unique. Well, my camera was stolen long ago so I started taking pictures with my phone. My phone has 2.0 mega pixel, I know, not much….but it does take some *really* nice photos. I am going to buy a camera from someone, and I was wondering, just how good is 4.0 mega pixel digital cameras? the camera I am going to buy is a Kodak easyshare (not sure of exact model) and I was just wondering if I should go ahead and buy it. Here are two pictures of the camera-

And here are some pictures that I took with my phone (2.0 megapixel):

OK, I know….my camera photos are not *that* good. I guess it all depends. I actually had to “get to know” my camera phone before taking good pictures. If I am not in proper lighting, or if I zoom, or if I put on the flash in the dark….the slightest mistake can turn into a horrible photo. So I guess 2.0 megapixel aint *that* good….it depends how you work it. Please let ,me know what you all think? thanks =)
I went and just bought the camera. I have to say, I am really pleased with it. The reason I did buy it is because I am only going to use it for outdoor wildlife, nature, etc. I will say that I am going to take the advice and invest in a 10 MP camera. I wonder how good that would be if a 2.0 and a 4.0 is acceptable. Thank you all for your answers, I wish I could give you all best answer. I gave everyone a thumbs up! :)

Thanks again!

Pip answers:

You will only notice the difference if you enlarge the pics past 8×10. If you tend to view them on screen or print out 4×6 you will be just fine with the 4mp.

Jenny asks…

How beautiful is Dominican?

I’m going in March 2013 (3 months!) for my cousin’s wedding. It’s my first time going to Dominican and I’m unreal excited. I’m staying at the Majestic Colonial Resort on Bavaro Beach. I’ve been down south before but not on a resort, it was an outdoor ed grad trip to Belize. So I don’t really know what it’s to stay on a resort. Is it really hot in March? Should I bring my Nikon camera? Are the sunsets beautiful? How much money should I bring for excursions? (I’m really outdoorsey) AND will I love it?

Pip answers:

I just looked up your resort. It looks beautiful. A few years ago, we stayed north of your resort at Excellence Punta Cana and had a blast. When you do excursions, book them at the tour desk of your resort. You can then use a credit card. Don’t fall for the cut rate scams that you may be offered at the airport. There is plenty to do and see, so yes take your Nikon with you. I also have a Nikon D80 which I love to take on holidays with me. Because there may be people that might want to take your picture using your camera, you may want to take an inexpensive one along also. I have a little Canon digital just for that purpose. I have visions of the person running away with my camera, so losing the Canon wouldn’t hurt so much. If they insist on using your Nikon, just say the battery died.

This web site will give you some ideas of the excursions available. Also don’t book on line. This is just to show you what is available, not an advertisement. The weather will be warm to hot. Http://

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Your Questions About Nikon Digital Cameras Wiki

David asks…

I have a Nikon D40 X digital camera. I want to get a 4gb memory card. Can i get a SDHC card?

I have a 2gb SD card. Would the D40 X be able to use a SDHC. What is the difference, compatibility issues?
Thanks for your help

Pip answers:

Yes, it does use SDHC cards … In your manual you should see a statement like this: “Approved Memory Cards: SD/SDHC card”.

The only SD/SDHC cards that are not compatible are these fake ones.


Steven asks…

Minolta Camera Lens, compatible with?

I have an old (10 years) 35mm Minolta camera, that has a 28-80, and 28-200 lens, and also a larger removable flash. I have been wanting to purchase a digital SLR camera, but do not want to buy a whole ‘new set’ when I really just need the camera body, and would use the lenses and flash I already have. Minolta is no longer made. Any idea on whether these lenses would fit another brand of camera body? Cannon? Nikon? Thanks for any advice. (I am planning to hit up my local camera store this week for additional info).
Yes – the camera is a MAXXUM 430si. Lenses are Quantaray MX AF Multi-Coated – 28-80 and 28-200.

Seems like I may have to buy ‘all new’ even though I have these and they are in mint condition.

I was looking at a Canon or Nikon … any reason to look at other brands?

Pip answers:

Minolta made great 35mm SLR’s with the SR bayonet mount. Among the most well known are the SRT-101 and the XD-11.


Minolta then changed their mount when they came out with the Minolta SR mount. The Minolta Maxxum and Dynax series used this system.


Minolta was merged with Konica, another camera/copier company in 2003, producing Konica/Minolta cameras. In 2006, they announced the end of all DSLR production, with all the assets and designs being sold to Sony.

The resulting Sony Alpha series uses the Minolta SR mount for its current line.

If you have an SR mount body, then any of the Sony Alpha series bodies will work well for you.

Nancy asks…

questions on dslr cameras?

hey. i’ll start by saying that this question is gonna make me look really stupid.

well, I’ve been really getting into photography lately, and but all I have is a Nikon digital. You know, nothing special.

I always see those photographers with those nice big chunky cameras, you know, like this one:

so i did some research…found out they’re called “dslr”, I look so stupid. I swear this isn’t a troll question. I just need some more info on how expensive they are, how they’re used, and the best kinda to get.

thanks soo much! if any additional info is needed I’ll add it. thanks!

Pip answers:

I don’t recommend one brand over the other. I DO recommend that you visit an actual camera shop (not bestbuy/walmart) and try the different brands/models within your budget to see which feels best in your hands with controls that you can easily find/use. I chose Canon for its ergonomics/menu & control layout and a fellow photog chose Nikon for the same reasons.

Entry level DSLRs: $550-$1,000
Semi-professional: $1,500-$2,500
Professional grade: $4,000-$45,000

Also, don’t forget to budget in about $200-$250 extra to cover an extra battery, several 4Gb memory cards, a camera case, a USB card reader, and taxes.

Another reason to shop at a local camera shop, is that most of them offer free camera courses when you buy there.

Richard asks…

Are there any non slr digital cameras with a normal lens?

As in

Pip answers:

For many years, when you bought an SLR camera, you got a 50mm lens (a normal lens on 35mm) as the kit, not a zoom like is standard now. It was usually a 50mm f/1.7 or f/1.8 depending on brand.

Every type of camera has a “normal” lens avialable, if not included with the body. Most are actually pretty decent glass, even the lower cost versions. Depending on the mount, they are also run from very inexpensive to inexpensive. Any old Canon FD or Nikon F body will either have a 50mm included, or easily available.

Susan asks…

what camera to buy?

i want a camera that takes good pictures for both fun friends shots and semi-proffesional photography, good video, cool looking, nice zoom, different settings, obviously flash, and anything else you think I would want
by the way, i’m just a teenager, I’m talking teen cameras but for a digital photography class but not big and fancy 1000 dollar camera

Pip answers:

If you want a “semi-professional” camera, you need to get a DSLR. (Digital SLR)

One problem is that DSLRs do not take videos. For a professional photographer, this is not an issue. But if you need ONE camera that does both, you’re going to have to look into a point-and-shoot camera.

Maybe look into a Canon Powershot camera, such as this one. Http://
I can vouch that this is a really good camera, and it can take photos in Manual mode, and has some “professional” features, as well as it can take videos.

A DSLR that I would recommend to start is the Nikon D40. It is only about $500 with an excellent kit lens. Than, as you get more money you can buy some other lenses for the Camera. This is definitely a great camera. Here are some links:

Any other questions, feel free to send me a message.

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Your Questions About Digital Cameras For Sale

Michael asks…

How many digital cameras did Inocencio’s sells?

Inocencio’s sells 7 times as many digital cameras as Buyco’s. The difference between their sales is 300 digital cameras.

Pip answers:

No. Of cameras Inocencio’s sold—c:
c – 1/7c = 300
7c – c = 2,100
6c = 2,100
c = 350

Answer: 350 cameras were sold by Inocencio’s.

William asks…

Which specific brand and models of Digital cameras can be used as webcams ?

Ive been looking at various digital cameras, but arent having any luck. Please can someone tell me if they have a digital camera that they also use as a webcam and what the brand and model number is? I need help!

Pip answers:

That’s an expensive use of camera for webcam. You can pick up webcams for $1 and up and just leave them pluged in. I got one at a yard sale for $1 (Intel brand). I don’t recomend any digital camera unless you want to snap alot of pictures of you in front of your pc. The webcams also take stills.

Paul asks…

What is the best digital camera for me?

I’m looking for a small, compact digital camera. My specifications are 5x zoom or more (preferably more), high quality pictures as well as high quality recording (clear and no lagging, or blurring). Taking the picture must be quick and clear, and no blurring(as I’ve said before) and recording must be able to handle more than 5 minutes. As many megs or gigs as possible please. However, please find a camera less than $500. Thank you and please help! has too many options to look at.
I actually HAVE tried the suggestions thing, although my results came out with none.
Thank you everyone for the tips and options, keep them coming please. A few of them are on my list. I will look up all your suggestions and then compare them.

Pip answers:

Casio Z75 or Z1050 is a great choice, nice and thin, lightweight, shoots photos and video with sound. Easy to use controls and a 2.5″ screen to view. (my favorite)
Recommmend a Scandisk memory card, about 2GB.
Check you Sunday paper for ad sales or coupons.

George asks…

How to buy a good digital camera?

Hello- I am looking to guy a new digital camera for Christmas. I want something that is easy to use and takes excellent clear quility pictures. I also want something that I can fit in my purse – not pocket sized but small and sleek. I really want a good camera that won’t break the bank and will last me a long while. Any tips or suggestions would be great! Thanks

Pip answers:

Samsung S700 7.2MP, small, 2.5″ LCD, zoom, uses cheap to find rechargeable and regular AA batteries and AVI movie 640 x 480 FPS. Circuit City I think has it on sale with 1 Gig memory free. $149

Lisa asks…

What is the best kind of digital camera to buy?

Where is the best place to buy a digital the digital camera?

Pip answers:

If you have to ask this question (not being snotty) buy something simple and not too expensive.

If you only have the money to buy one and you’re mostly interested in recording family or places you go, then buy something smallish that you can stick in your purse or a pocket (preferably in a case).

I’d recommend one of the Canon SD-800 series, i.e. There are several SD 8?? Which have image stablization (important), face recognition and good pixel count. Shoots fine pictures, using either the LCD screen or an optical finder. You probably want at least the 7.1 megapixel one. These cameras are about the size of a pack of cigarettes.

There are other good equivalents by Fuji, Nikon, Panasonic, Olympus etc. You want one preferably that takes an SD card (higher end cameras will also use these or the CF card). Avoid the Xvid Cards. They’re okay, but tend to be expensive since fewer cameras use them.

These cameras have relatively limited zoom ranges, usually 3-4 x optical. Digital zoom is unimportant and is not a factor – no matter what the sales people tell you.

You might be inclined to look at a larger camera with a bigger zoom range. Canons, Panasonics and others have big zoom ranges of 12-16x. But the cameras are larger and you want to be sure you take the camera with you and don’t leave it behind because it’s too big, etc.

All of these cameras are capable of makng large enlargements, depending on the photographer not shaking, etc.

Some people prefer a camera that takes AA batteries. Others don’t. Higher end cameras pretty much have to use Lithium-Ion batteries and they’re not cheap.

Sources. Costco. Amazon, BHphoto or Adorama are all companies that do well in my book.

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Your Questions About Sony Digital Camera With Wifi

Laura asks…

Which phones have wifi inbuilt in them?

Please enlist the name and model numbers of mobile phones and PDAs in india which comes with wifi and costs not more than 25k…

Pip answers:

These are the two best phones with all the features, good battery backup, good performance, and great value for money.
inbuilt memory of 110 MB, upgradeable upto 8 GB using microSD card. 3.2 megapixel autofocus camera with 4x digital zoom, flash and video recorder. Connectivity options like wifi, bluetooth with A2DP, infrared, USB connector, EDGE, GPRS and WAP. Music player, fm radio, email client support and flight mode. GPS, PDF Viewer, ZIP Manager, Quick Office and Nokia Maps are the unique features of the mobile phone.

Sony Ericsson-G900
Rs 19,500/-
talk time of 720 minutes and standby time of 380 hours. Features like 256k colour TFT touchscreen display with resolution of 240 x 320 pixels, 5 megapixel autofocus camera with flash and Image Stabilizer. Added features like Tri band, 160MB inbuilt memory, Memory Stick Micro card slot, Wi-fi, Bluetooth, GPRS and USB connector. Music Player which supports MP3 and AAC music formats, FM Radio and is JAVA enabled. Picture editor/blogging, Handwriting recognition, Sticky Notes are the unique features of this mobile phone.
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Carol asks…

I would like to buy a notebook PC. Please tell me the best brand & suggest the optimum screen size?

Pip answers:

Rs 61,000/-
This laptop comes with Intel 2.1 GHz Core2 Duo Processor, 2 GB RAM, which is upgradeable upto 4 GB and a 250 GB Hard Drive. It has a DVD Writer, 14.1-inch display with a resolution of 1280 x 800 dpi. The laptop also has an integrated ATi Mobility Radeon X2300 video card, Intel High Definition Audio sound card, Wifi, Touchpad mouse, In-Built Speakers and Microphone and 1.3 megapixel camera. The laptop has interfaces like Express Card slot, S-Video port, 3 USB ports, Firewire port, Bluetooth and 3 in 1 Digital Media Reader. The laptop comes with a Fingerprint Reader, Lithium Ion battery and Windows Vista Business operating system.

Mandy asks…

more than 5 mp camera any mobile in sony or nokia?

Pip answers:

In england the c905 from sony ericsson is coming out, it has 8.1mp, wifi,red-eye reduction, 16* digital zoom, satnav, 30fps video rec, walkman 3.0 xennon flash, auto-rotate, accelorometer-gaming,]
nokia are realising the n96 which has, a kickstand, 16gb phone memory + expandable mem. Same specs as n95 but has the design of the nokia n81
heres the n81
and heres the n96
same stuff as n95 but more mem. Same cam

Charles asks…

Buying sony vaio vgn cs 27 is a good idea or not??? does it give value for its money?

plz let me kno how you feel about vaio laptops.. is it better than dell and hp in same range??

Pip answers:

Rs 62,490/-
Intel 2.4 GHz Core2 Duo Processor, 4 GB RAM and a 320 GB Hard Drive. DVD Writer, 14.1 inch widescreen display with a resolution of 1600 x 900 dpi. Integrated Nvidia NVIDIA GeForce 9300M GS video card, Intel High Definition Audio sound card, Wifi, Touchpad mouse, inbuilt speakers and microphone. Interfaces like Express Card slot, 3 USB ports, firewire port, bluetooth and 3 in 1 Digital Media Reader.inbuilt 1.3 MP camera, Touch Sensor.

This ones a good laptop in this price range .. Good durability, best overall performance and has all features .. Better than all others in this price range .. Go with it .. Value for money ..
===== ======

Betty asks…

Which camera is better?

Which one would take the best photos but also why is it better than others. Thanks :)

Pip answers:

For a start, GE are rubbish. Avoid GE, Benq, Vivitar and Kodak cameras.

The second one is the best of that bunch, but the Fujifilm F660EXR would be better than any of them:

Review here:

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Your Questions About Nikon Digital Cameras Best Buy

Mary asks…

buying digital cameras?

I am thinking of buying a good digital camera, I have two choices in mind, but don’t know much about them. So if someone can give me the good, the bad, and the ugly about them: between Canon rebel Xti and Nikon D80, and what kind of lenses are needed for a beginner photographer who shoots mainly families and friends (daughter learning how to walk, so need something that can capture movement in a short period of time).

thanks for your opinions in advance!

Pip answers:

Both the cameras you’ve chosen are very good, there about a generation behind (the D80 will probably be replaced soon) but that just means that they’ll be easier to get at a good price 2nd hand. Either of these cameras will give you very good results. Both cameras have a good burst photo modes and quick focusing.

As for choosing between them there are two things that you need to consider:

1. The feel – taking photos is a very tactile experience, because of this you want a camera that you feel comfortable with. Go to a shop and handle both of the cameras, ask to try a few of the lens’ available for them, one of the cameras will feel “better” than the other.

2. The system – when buying a DSLR you are not just buying a camera you are buying into a whole system.
Cannon cameras tend towards lenses which are faster faster focusing and are more likely to be image stabilised. The flash system and colour balance isn’t quite as good as the Nikon’s
Nikon’s tend to have lenses with a larger range i.e. The standard 18-70 but are heaver and a bit slower to focus. There flash system and colour balance are (in my opponion) slightly better than Cannons.

As far as lenses are concerned I’d say all you really need to start with is the standard lens and a zoom lens.
The Xti comes with a 18-55mm and i’d recommend a Tamron Di II 55-200mm to go with that as its light, cheap and very good quality for the price
The D80 comes with a 18-70mm and i’d recomend a Sigma 70-300 to go with that.

Either of these cameras with a two lens kit should do everthing you need, again which one to buy comes pretty much down to how they feel.

James asks…

Digital camera to buy?

I am looking out for digital camera.can somebody please suggest which one to go for

Pip answers:

Well, first off ignore the people who suggested the Sony….. With those camera you’re just paying for the name + have to use SONY’s expensive MEMORYSTICK cards with them.

Most professional Photographers recommend Nikon, Fuji, Canon or Konica-Minolta…. Olympus aren’t too bad either.
There’s plenty of good reviews at this site: which helped me choose my digital camera…. A Fuji Finepix A345

Some good points you should watch out for:
Optical Zoom lens – provides the best quality

Batteries – make sure it doesn’t use them up quickly & also uses off the shelf types such as AA or AAA instead of one designed only for use in that brands camera, otherwise one day you’ll end up having trouble finding a replacement.

Of the reviews on that site, and depending on your budget, I’d suggest looking at these cameras:

Fuji Finepix A345

Nikon CoolPix L4

Fuji FinePix A350

Fuji Finepix F10

Fuji Finepix E900

Canon Powershot A530

Olympus SP-320 Zoom

Lizzie asks…

Should I get the Nikon or Sony digital camera (details inside)?

Okay. I am looking for a new digital camera. I want one that is good for traveling and is compact. I have narrowed my search down to two. A sony (cyber-shot 330 or 350) and a Nikon (s3000 or s630). I don’t know much about cameras but I do know this. With the previous cameras I have had the picture quality prints badly. What I mean is when I order my prints from snapfish or target or where ever, the pictures come out very bad. I don’t know if it is me or the camera. Even the 4×6 pictures look bad in some pictures that I really really want printed. (and I dont know that they will come out like that until I get them in the mail). My questions are, to avoid having bad picture quality do I need to go with something with a higher Mp? The sony has 14.1mp and the nikon has 12mp. Or is it just the photographer (me) that doesn’t know how to work the camera properly. (On screen they look perfect, printed they look horrible) Anyways, Please help me with this. I really want to buy a camera this week.
Thanks for your answer but, what I really want to know if the higher mp camera is a better choice? and if the higher mp will give me a better image quality when I print the pictures?

Pip answers:

Here are the features, side by side.


I have had a similar problem with having my digital pix printed. Both online WallyWorld and online Kodak printed them much too dark. My only solution has been to print them myself. My brother-in-law takes them to a friend that has a developing business and they come out great. Have you tried a local business? BTW, both WallyWorld and Kodak refunded my money when I complained, but neither offered to try to fix the problem

MP has nothing to do with this.

Susan asks…

Cheapest price to buy Nikon D600 digital slr camera?

Does anyone have any coupons or sales going on right now to buy Nikon D600?

Also, what is the cheapest price right now for this camera? Thanks!

Pip answers:

Hey there, if you are looking to buy the Nikon D600, I would recommend using to get the discount.

There is a nice coupon on that site which will take 15% off the price on Amazon.

Helen asks…

What digital camera to buy?

Hi, I want to buy a new digital camera that has rechargeable lithium battery, and was wondering what brand to buy? i’m leaning towards sony but i also heard that nikon and canon are good too.
i don’t want to spend more than $300 either.
Does anyone recommend a certain type of brand or model?
thanks! :)

Pip answers:

About 10 – 30 times a day, someone on YA asks: “Which one is a good camera to buy?”
A quick search would have given you hundreds of replies, but once again here is my 10 cents on the subject:

Point & Shoot cameras are wonderfully handy because of their small size.
When light conditions are ideal, they even take really nice photos – all of them do.

However, they all DO have limitations – they don’t do very well in low light situations (i.e. Noisy photos, hard to avoid blur, etc). The little onboard flash is very harsh at close range, and doesn’t reach very far.
Many of them have no manual functions, so you are limited to only very basic photos, you can’t compensate for unusual situations, or do many fun “tricks” and special effects.
P&S’s also suffer from frustrating shutterlag and many of them chew through batteries rather quickly.

However, if you’re ok with all those limitations, then go ahead and pick one, most of them (the same type and same price range) are rather similar. Personally I would pick either a Canon or a Nikon, and would certainly stay away from Kodak.

A higher end P&S will give you more manual options and better quality. Many of those even give you the option of adding a proper flash (which makes a big difference to your flash photos).

Don’t worry too much about megapixels…. There is a limit to how many pixels you can squash into a tiny P&S sensor before you actually LOSE quality rather than gain it.
Don’t worry about digital zoom, in fact, don’t EVER use it. It simply crops away pixels, i.e. Destroys information. The only real zoom is optical.

Decide which features are important to you, and look for cameras that have that feature.
Then go compare a few models on .

The very best thing you can do for your success is to borrow some books and learn about photography. A bit of knowledge will make a much bigger difference to your photos than your choice of P&S camera can.

For what it’s worth – if I was in the market for a P&S camera right now, my choice would be a Canon Powershot SX10 IS

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Your Questions About Digital Photography For Dummies

Sandy asks…

Nikon D3000 Recommended Accessories for a Newbie?

I have had a couple different point-and-shoot cameras, but I wanted better quality pictures and more creative control. I am still going to be keeping my point-and-shoot on me as a spare, but I also purchased the Nikon D3000 with the VR lens. This is my first dSLR camera, and the Nikon has a great guide mode from Newbies. It doesn’t have the Live View which kinda scares me, but I think I’ll get over it.

For a first time user of dSLR cameras, what accessories are recommended? I bought two 8 gig SDHC cards (Sandisk Extreme III series) and a spare EN-EL9a Battery. I bought the Nikon starter bag (sku 9020356 on I chose this one because it is not as huge as most bags and it is convenient for light travel. I also bought the Dynex camera cleaning kit and Digital SLR Cameras & Photography for Dummies. Is there anything else that might really benefit a beginner? I don’t think I really need any extra lenses at the moment (very expensive and I wouldn’t know when to use what anyway). What about filters?

Pip answers:

Well here is my basic list and you have already listed some of them:

1. Memory card (you got 2 Sandisk SD cards, that is really good)
2. An extra battery (you got the extra EN-EL9a Battery – good)
3. Camera Bag (you got it)
4. A quality UV filter to keep on your lens.

Below I listed some good photo vendors for you to keep in mind if needed and also a few sites that are good photo information sites.

Good luck.


William asks…

What is the first digital compositing movie? or visual effects movie?

Either in Hollywood or Kollywood..

Pip answers:

Off with Her Head!
According to The American Film Industry: A Historical Dictionary, the 1895 film “Execution Of Mary Stuart, The Queen of Scotland” is thought to be the first film that incorporated special effects. In this movie, freeze frame was used to create the appearance that Queen Mary’s head was chopped off. In reality, shooting was stopped, Mary was removed, and a dummy was put in her place. When the separate takes were run together, it looked as though Mary’s head had really been chopped off.

I found another site that verifies this:
The Execution of Mary Queen of Scots (1895)
aka The Execution of Mary Stuart
This was the first special effect (in-camera), reportedly, of the controversial execution (decapitation) of Mary, Queen of Scots (Robert Thomae) on the execution block, using a dummy and a trick camera shot (substitution shot or “stop trick”). In the short sequence, Mary kneels down and puts her head on the block as the executioner raises a large axe. When the axe is brought down, her head rolls off the chopping block to the left~where the executioner picks it up in the final frame and holds it up.

The same site has this as the first lengthy film~2 hours, 20 minutes!~with visual effects:
Cabiria (1914 Italy)
This box-office success was a black/white 180-minute silent epic directed by Giovanni Pastrone. It was a landmark film – an early example of monumental epic film-making with thousands of extras, large sets and spectacular stunts. It laid the pattern and groundwork for future big-budget feature-length films (by the likes of D.W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille). The film inspired D.W. Griffith to make his own epic Intolerance (1916). Its story of 3rd century BC Ancient Rome included sequences of the eruption of Mt. Etna, and Hannibal’s crossing of the Alps with elephants (with an early example of tracking shots). The landmark film was shot on location in North Africa, Sicily and the Italian Alps, and reportedly contained the first use of trucking shots (which became known as ‘Cabiria’ movements).
As for people who developed special effects, here is the top name on that list, with information courtesy of IMDB:

Georges Melies, a professional magician by training, first saw the new “moving pictures” in 1895. Little over a year later, Melies was filming and projecting his own creations. By accident, he discovered that he could use stop-motion photography to render trick visual effects. Melies was also the first to use techniques such as the fade-in, the fade-out, and the dissolve to create the first real narrative films. Melies made over 500 films, but his most famous is “Le Voyage dans la lune” (1902) (“Voyage to the Moon”). Still, Melies, trained in classic 18th century theater, conceived all of his films in terms of fully played-out scenes. Unable to keep up with the changing industry, the end of his life was wrought with poverty, yet his films would be monumental stepping stones for great auteurs such as D.W. Griffith.

Here are some bits of Melies trivia:
He is regarded as “The Father of Special Effects” and was the first to use production sketches and storyboards.

While shooting one of his life scenes in the Place de l’Opera in Paris, the camera jammed. It took about a minute to clear the problem and resume shooting. When the film was processed and screened, Melies saw a bus suddenly turn into a hearse; people in the scene suddenly appeared or disappeared. This accident led to his discovery of stop motion trickery which became his first filmic special effects technique. This stop motion technique had previously been discovered and used by Thomas Edison, but Melies made extensive use of it in his short films.

He considered the United States such an important market that his company had an office there. Many of his production sketches and storyboards were captioned in English as well as French.

Carol asks…

Teach me a little more about Aperture and Shutter Speed?

So I’ve read the book “Digital SLR Cameras and Photography for Dummies,” and understand in full what Aperture, ISO, and Shutter Speed are. What I don’t understand is how to utilize them. When I get a DSLR in a few months, I would like to be able to know how to set these things so I get what I want from my photography. How do you know what shutter speed to set, and what aperture to set? How do I know how high or high low to keep the ISO? I think I understand ISO the best, followed by shutter speed, but I have no idea what I’m supposed to do to set the ISO. I’m going to be doing all types of photography out there, so I really need to know how to set these things in a lot of different situations and such.

Thanks for your help!

Pip answers:

The Aperture basically controls how much of your lens is open and how much light is allowed in when you take a picture. Your shutter speed controls how long your shutter is open for when you take a picture.

Both affect how much light hits the camera’s sensor. The smaller the aperture number, the more light hits the sensor, but you get less depth of field with lower numbers. Less will be in focus. This may be good or bad depending on your goals. For example,it may be beneficial to make your background less focused and less distracting.

The slower the shutter speed, the more light will hit the sensor but this increased opening time means motion will appear blurry. The motion includes both camera movement and subject movement. I can usually shoot at about 1/60th of a second without notable camera movement. Shooting something like sports will require a faster shutter speed. Using a tripod will allow you to shoot non-moving subjects at much lower speeds.

It sounds like you understand ISO which is how sensitive the sensor it too light. Using a higher ISO allows you to use either a faster shutter speed or get more depth of field with your aperture, but may mean a more grainy image

Having a properly exposed image (the right amount of light hitting the sensor) is a trade-off between these controls. I find a good way to start is to use your shutter priority control, setting your shutter speed for a rate that will freeze any motion (maybe 1/250 if you are outside with lots of light and maybe 1/60 if there is less light) and setting your ISO at 100. You can then see if you like the aperture that gives you. If you do not have enough light for a proper exposure, then bump up your ISO.


John asks…

Cheap camera with GOOD Image quality?

Hey! Hoping to buy a reasonably cheap camera (up to £150 or £200 depending on value) with good image quality. Must have zoom where the image quality still looks just as good and doesn’t get grainy and preferably ‘multi-shot’ feature. I’ve been looking for a while and can’t seem to find a good enough one. Please send any suggestions or ideas as i’m not very experience with this sort of thing!
Thanks :)

Pip answers:

Hi Chris Martin,

I’m a camera salesman and therefore I will not suggest a
particular brand and model but with your budget it should
not be to hard to buy a decent camera.
Here are some links that might be helpfull to you :

Allmost every camera has “scene detection” nowadays. This means
the camera is “intelligent” and can detect the subject and circumstances
of your picture to make.In your price range it will have a “stabilizer” as well.
You can wiggle the camera a bit and still take a sharp picture and it
stabilizes the movement of the subject as well.
You don’t need 20 Mp except for huge enlargements to poster format,
10 Mp will be enough.
If you choose a trusted brand, I’m sure you’ll find a suitable camera.

Greetings, Lance

Sharon asks…

Can someone recommend a good book to help understand Photoshop Elements 6.0 for scrapbooking?

I gave my wife Photoshop for Christmas because she is a Scrapbooker and this is the recommended software, however there is no manual with the software and very little “help”. I’ve found Photoshop for Dummies and Photoshop “missing manual”, but neither one seem to meet my needs. They deal more with just digital photography rather than the layers and and other tools.

Pip answers:

Right now it is “under construction” :( but as soon as it is up and going again, is the best thing i have found!! I watch the show, it is on PBS and then if there’s something I want to get further instructions on i turn to the website!! I bought Photoshop Elements 6.0, because of that show, they use it on there!! I have learned some neat tricks from it!!

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